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Table 1.

South African water sector indicators and progress on SPG Goal 6.

Water resources availability and security 17% deficit: 3,800 million m3/a by 2030 
Average annual rainfall of 465 mm (half of the world average) 
Total annual runoff of approximately 49,000 million m3/a of which 63% is stored in large dams 
The current reliable yield of surface water at an acceptable assurance level of supply: 10,200 million m3/a nationally 
3,000 million m3/a is from ground water 
61% of water is used by agriculture and 39% by domestic, industry, afforestation and other sectors 
Water and sanitation access Of 16.9 million households, 15.2 million or 89.9% have access to piped water with 83% having access to safe drinking water 64% of households have reliable access to water supply services 
Average domestic water use is around 237 litres per person per day (world average: 173 litres per person per day) 
10.3 million or 61% of households have access to sewage connected flush toilets, with the additional 37% having access to some form of sanitation. Only 14.1 million households have access to safe sanitation. 
Non-revenue water: 1,660 million m3 per year, R9.9 billion each year 
Financing gap R33 billion each year 
Water resources availability and security 17% deficit: 3,800 million m3/a by 2030 
Average annual rainfall of 465 mm (half of the world average) 
Total annual runoff of approximately 49,000 million m3/a of which 63% is stored in large dams 
The current reliable yield of surface water at an acceptable assurance level of supply: 10,200 million m3/a nationally 
3,000 million m3/a is from ground water 
61% of water is used by agriculture and 39% by domestic, industry, afforestation and other sectors 
Water and sanitation access Of 16.9 million households, 15.2 million or 89.9% have access to piped water with 83% having access to safe drinking water 64% of households have reliable access to water supply services 
Average domestic water use is around 237 litres per person per day (world average: 173 litres per person per day) 
10.3 million or 61% of households have access to sewage connected flush toilets, with the additional 37% having access to some form of sanitation. Only 14.1 million households have access to safe sanitation. 
Non-revenue water: 1,660 million m3 per year, R9.9 billion each year 
Financing gap R33 billion each year 

Authors’ table adapted from DWS (2019).

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