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Table 2.

Summary of operations of key water sector institutions, 2020/2021.

InstitutionsMandateRevenue (R'000)Expenditure (R'000)Carrying value of assets (R'000)Net volumes
DWS The DWS is responsible for water sector policy, support and regulation. Wholly funded by the national government 17,000,000 17,000,000 2,000,000  
WTE The WTE deals with the management of water infrastructure and resources, and the sale of raw water. Largely funded from water tariffs and augmented through the national budget for public interest functions. The Department's asset register indicates a total pipe network of 1,070 km and canal systems of 8,100 km. Of the 5,248 registered dams in South Africa, the DWS/WTE only owns 6% (320), but they account for 86.4% of the retained water 16,000,000 14,000,000 98,000,000 19,142 million m3/a sold 
TCTA The TCTA is responsible for financing and implementing the development of bulk raw water infrastructure, and providing treasury management services to the DWS. The authority plays an important role in providing: financial advisory services such as structuring and raising project finance, managing debt and setting tariffs; project implementation services; and other technical support to the department and water boards. Funded through the WTE from raw water sales revenue. 5,000,000 6,000,000   
9 CMAs The CMA's mandate is the management of water resources. Funded from water resource management charges and losses subsidised by the DWS through the WTE 753,000 753,000  19,142 million m3/a managed 
9 Water Boards Water Boards provide water services (bulk potable and bulk waste water) to other water service institutions. They own large bulk distribution pipelines, reservoirs, and water and waste water treatment plant and serve municipalities and industries 29,000,000 24,000,000 75,000,000 2,528 million m3/a sold net losses of 7% 
146 Municipalities Authorised municipalities (WSAs) are responsible for bulk and retail water supply. They purchase bulk water from water boards or directly from the DWS. Municipal water reticulation infrastructure includes more than 290,000 km of pipelines supplying water to 89.9% of the population. 76,000,000 69,000,000 33,400,137 4,980 million m3/a produced, 36% or 1,660 million m3/a lost 
Total  143,753,000 130,753,000 208,400,137  
InstitutionsMandateRevenue (R'000)Expenditure (R'000)Carrying value of assets (R'000)Net volumes
DWS The DWS is responsible for water sector policy, support and regulation. Wholly funded by the national government 17,000,000 17,000,000 2,000,000  
WTE The WTE deals with the management of water infrastructure and resources, and the sale of raw water. Largely funded from water tariffs and augmented through the national budget for public interest functions. The Department's asset register indicates a total pipe network of 1,070 km and canal systems of 8,100 km. Of the 5,248 registered dams in South Africa, the DWS/WTE only owns 6% (320), but they account for 86.4% of the retained water 16,000,000 14,000,000 98,000,000 19,142 million m3/a sold 
TCTA The TCTA is responsible for financing and implementing the development of bulk raw water infrastructure, and providing treasury management services to the DWS. The authority plays an important role in providing: financial advisory services such as structuring and raising project finance, managing debt and setting tariffs; project implementation services; and other technical support to the department and water boards. Funded through the WTE from raw water sales revenue. 5,000,000 6,000,000   
9 CMAs The CMA's mandate is the management of water resources. Funded from water resource management charges and losses subsidised by the DWS through the WTE 753,000 753,000  19,142 million m3/a managed 
9 Water Boards Water Boards provide water services (bulk potable and bulk waste water) to other water service institutions. They own large bulk distribution pipelines, reservoirs, and water and waste water treatment plant and serve municipalities and industries 29,000,000 24,000,000 75,000,000 2,528 million m3/a sold net losses of 7% 
146 Municipalities Authorised municipalities (WSAs) are responsible for bulk and retail water supply. They purchase bulk water from water boards or directly from the DWS. Municipal water reticulation infrastructure includes more than 290,000 km of pipelines supplying water to 89.9% of the population. 76,000,000 69,000,000 33,400,137 4,980 million m3/a produced, 36% or 1,660 million m3/a lost 
Total  143,753,000 130,753,000 208,400,137  

Authors’ table adapted from National Treasury (2020a, 2020b), DWS (2019), Statistics South Africa (2020, 2016), Beck et al. (2016) and Water Research Commission (2012).

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