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Table 1

Overview of the site characteristics

Municipality (neighborhood in parentheses)Type of areaType of SUDSNumber of failures
Eindhoven (Meerhoven) Greenfield Subsurface storage 
Nijmegen (Centrum) Green- and brownfield Bioswales 
Nijmegen (Waalsprong) Greenfield Bioswales 10 
Utrecht (Leidsche Rijn) Greenfield Bioswales, permeable pavement 10 
Almere (Homeruskwartier) Greenfield Bioswales, permeable pavement 
Zwolle (Stadshagen and Centrum) Green- and brownfield Permeable pavement, soakaway crates 10 
Gouda Brownfield Permeable pavement, soakaway crates 
Tilburg Brownfield Facade gardens 
Diemen Brownfield Above-ground storage, soakaway crates 
Dordrecht Brownfield Underground storage 
Rotterdam Brownfield Permeable pavements, soakaway crates, bioswales, subsurface storage 10 
Amsterdam Brownfield Bioswales, subsurface storage, permeable pavement 10 
Municipality (neighborhood in parentheses)Type of areaType of SUDSNumber of failures
Eindhoven (Meerhoven) Greenfield Subsurface storage 
Nijmegen (Centrum) Green- and brownfield Bioswales 
Nijmegen (Waalsprong) Greenfield Bioswales 10 
Utrecht (Leidsche Rijn) Greenfield Bioswales, permeable pavement 10 
Almere (Homeruskwartier) Greenfield Bioswales, permeable pavement 
Zwolle (Stadshagen and Centrum) Green- and brownfield Permeable pavement, soakaway crates 10 
Gouda Brownfield Permeable pavement, soakaway crates 
Tilburg Brownfield Facade gardens 
Diemen Brownfield Above-ground storage, soakaway crates 
Dordrecht Brownfield Underground storage 
Rotterdam Brownfield Permeable pavements, soakaway crates, bioswales, subsurface storage 10 
Amsterdam Brownfield Bioswales, subsurface storage, permeable pavement 10 

The type of area indicates whether the SUDS were built in a greenfield area, or in a redeveloped brownfield area. In case of a greenfield area, the specific neighborhood is provided in parentheses.

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