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Table 1

Characteristics of the studied simulated water and real fresh-cut process water

ParameterSimulated waterReal water
pH 7.40 6.31 
Conductivity 88 μS/cm 1,176 μS/cm 
Turbidity 22.5 NTU 95.1 NTU 
Chemical oxygen demand (COD) 172 mg O2/L 140 mg O2/L 
Dissolved total organic carbon (TOC) 149 mg/L 43 mg/L 
Dissolved total nitrogen (TN) 7.9 mg/L 5.5 mg/L 
Chloride <70 mg/L 253 mg/L 
Total chlorine 0.19 mg/L 0.55 mg/L 
Free chlorine 0.18 mg/L 0.44 mg/L 
Chlorate <1 mg/L <1 mg/L 
Bromate <0.1 mg/L <0.1 mg/L 
Trihalomethanes   
  Chloroform 0.448 μg/L 99.213 μg/L 
  Dibromochloromethane 0.095 μg/L 1.478 μg/L 
  Bromodichloromethane 0.124 μg/L 1.223 μg/L 
  Bromoform <0.01 μg/L <0.01 μg/L 
  Total 0.667 μg/L 101.49 μg/L 
Total bacteria (kit) 106–5·106 CFU/100 mL 6.5·104 CFU/100 mL 
Total bacteria count 1.85·106 CFU/100 mL 6.5·104 CFU/100 mL 
Total coliforms Absence Absence 
Escherichia coli Absence Absence 
Salmonella Absence Absence 
Legionella Absence Absence 
Listeria monocytogenes Absence Absence 
Mesophilic aerobic bacteria 3.8·105 CFU/100 mL Absence 
Enterobacteria 3·103 CFU/100 mL Absence 
ParameterSimulated waterReal water
pH 7.40 6.31 
Conductivity 88 μS/cm 1,176 μS/cm 
Turbidity 22.5 NTU 95.1 NTU 
Chemical oxygen demand (COD) 172 mg O2/L 140 mg O2/L 
Dissolved total organic carbon (TOC) 149 mg/L 43 mg/L 
Dissolved total nitrogen (TN) 7.9 mg/L 5.5 mg/L 
Chloride <70 mg/L 253 mg/L 
Total chlorine 0.19 mg/L 0.55 mg/L 
Free chlorine 0.18 mg/L 0.44 mg/L 
Chlorate <1 mg/L <1 mg/L 
Bromate <0.1 mg/L <0.1 mg/L 
Trihalomethanes   
  Chloroform 0.448 μg/L 99.213 μg/L 
  Dibromochloromethane 0.095 μg/L 1.478 μg/L 
  Bromodichloromethane 0.124 μg/L 1.223 μg/L 
  Bromoform <0.01 μg/L <0.01 μg/L 
  Total 0.667 μg/L 101.49 μg/L 
Total bacteria (kit) 106–5·106 CFU/100 mL 6.5·104 CFU/100 mL 
Total bacteria count 1.85·106 CFU/100 mL 6.5·104 CFU/100 mL 
Total coliforms Absence Absence 
Escherichia coli Absence Absence 
Salmonella Absence Absence 
Legionella Absence Absence 
Listeria monocytogenes Absence Absence 
Mesophilic aerobic bacteria 3.8·105 CFU/100 mL Absence 
Enterobacteria 3·103 CFU/100 mL Absence 
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