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Table 1

Determinant factors of drinking water quality in food establishments of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (n = 123)

Study variablesCategory/ItemFrequencyPer cent (%)
Type of food outlets Small 114 92.7 
Large 7.3 
Having legal license by FMHACA Yes 76 61.8 
No 47 38.2 
Primary source of drinking water for the food establishments Improved 96 78 
Unprotected spring, dug-wells and others water sources 27 22 
Having continuous piped water in the food establishments for 24 hours per day Yes 46 37.4 
No 77 62.6 
Type of drinking water storage equipment used by the food establishments at the time of visit Rough and untidy 39 31.7 
Easily cleanable 84 68.3 
Drinking water storage having a lid/cover in place at the time of visit Yes 81 65.9 
No 42 34.1 
Method of drinking water taken/drawn from the drinking water storages/containers By dipping 42 34.1 
By pouring 81 65.9 
Presence of any method of drinking water treatment at the food establishments like filtration, chlorination and others Yes 72 58.5 
No 51 41.5 
Food establishments having functional hand-washing facility with soap near the toilet No 45 36.6 
Yes 78 63.4 
Study variablesCategory/ItemFrequencyPer cent (%)
Type of food outlets Small 114 92.7 
Large 7.3 
Having legal license by FMHACA Yes 76 61.8 
No 47 38.2 
Primary source of drinking water for the food establishments Improved 96 78 
Unprotected spring, dug-wells and others water sources 27 22 
Having continuous piped water in the food establishments for 24 hours per day Yes 46 37.4 
No 77 62.6 
Type of drinking water storage equipment used by the food establishments at the time of visit Rough and untidy 39 31.7 
Easily cleanable 84 68.3 
Drinking water storage having a lid/cover in place at the time of visit Yes 81 65.9 
No 42 34.1 
Method of drinking water taken/drawn from the drinking water storages/containers By dipping 42 34.1 
By pouring 81 65.9 
Presence of any method of drinking water treatment at the food establishments like filtration, chlorination and others Yes 72 58.5 
No 51 41.5 
Food establishments having functional hand-washing facility with soap near the toilet No 45 36.6 
Yes 78 63.4 
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