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Table 1

Primer sequences used in this study

GenePrimer sequencesReference
Heat-labile toxin (LTIIaForward: 5′-GGGTGTGCATTTCAGCGAC-3′
Reverse: 5′-TGGTATATTCCGGGTGGACG-3′ 
Khatib et al. (2002)  
Heat-stable toxin (STIIForward: 5′-TGCCTATGCATCTACACAAT-3′
Reverse: 5′-TAGAGATGGTACTGCTGGAAG-3′ 
Khatib et al. (2003)  
Mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase Forward: 5′-CAGCAGCCATTCAAGCAATGC-3′
Reverse: 5′-GGTGGAGACCTAATTGGGCTGATTAG-3′ 
Caldwell et al. (2007)  
uidA Forward: 5′-GCA AGG TGC ACG GGA ATA TT-3′
Reverse: 5′-CAG GTG ATC GGA CGC GT-3′ 
Takahashi et al. (2009)  
GenePrimer sequencesReference
Heat-labile toxin (LTIIaForward: 5′-GGGTGTGCATTTCAGCGAC-3′
Reverse: 5′-TGGTATATTCCGGGTGGACG-3′ 
Khatib et al. (2002)  
Heat-stable toxin (STIIForward: 5′-TGCCTATGCATCTACACAAT-3′
Reverse: 5′-TAGAGATGGTACTGCTGGAAG-3′ 
Khatib et al. (2003)  
Mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase Forward: 5′-CAGCAGCCATTCAAGCAATGC-3′
Reverse: 5′-GGTGGAGACCTAATTGGGCTGATTAG-3′ 
Caldwell et al. (2007)  
uidA Forward: 5′-GCA AGG TGC ACG GGA ATA TT-3′
Reverse: 5′-CAG GTG ATC GGA CGC GT-3′ 
Takahashi et al. (2009)  
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