Table 3

. | Odds ratio (95% CI); p-value. | ||
---|---|---|---|

Open defecation (n = 55)
. | Non-private improved sanitation (n = 75)
. | Private improved sanitation (n = 171)
. | |

Economic challenges (n = 96) | 4.66 (2.53–8.59) | 3.56 (2.06–6.15) | 0.11 (0.06–0.19) |

p = 4.86 × 10^{−7}*** | *** p = 6.00e × 10^{−6} | p =7.71e × 10^{−10}*** |

. | Odds ratio (95% CI); p-value. | ||
---|---|---|---|

Open defecation (n = 55)
. | Non-private improved sanitation (n = 75)
. | Private improved sanitation (n = 171)
. | |

Economic challenges (n = 96) | 4.66 (2.53–8.59) | 3.56 (2.06–6.15) | 0.11 (0.06–0.19) |

p = 4.86 × 10^{−7}*** | *** p = 6.00e × 10^{−6} | p =7.71e × 10^{−10}*** |

The **bold** values indicate a response occurring more frequently than would occur in a random distribution.

The *italic* values indicate a response occurring less frequently than would occur in a random distribution.

The *p*-values are the result of Pearson's *χ*^{2} test between the sample and all other respondent–response combinations (1 df); test statistic: , where *s*^{2} is the sample variance and *σ*^{2} is the population variance; H_{0}: *σ*^{2} = *σ*^{2}_{0}; H_{A}: *σ*^{2}≠*σ*^{2}_{0}.

*Significant at 0.05 level; **significant at 0.01 level; ***significant at 0.001 level.

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