Table 4

. | Sample odds ratio (95% CI); p-value. | ||
---|---|---|---|

Open defecation (n = 47)
. | Non-private improved sanitation (n = 72)
. | Private improved sanitation (n = 184)
. | |

Yes (n = 117) | 3.00 (1.58–5.71)^{‡} | 1.80 (1.05–3.08)^{‡} | 0.36 (0.22–0.59)^{‡} |

*** p = 9.98 × 10^{−4} | p = 0.042* | p =5.85 × 10*** ^{−5} | |

I don't know (n = 59) | 1.30 (0.62–1.30)^{‡} | 1.09 (0.57–2.11)^{‡} | 0.75 (0.42–1.33)^{‡} |

p = 0.625 | p = 0.921 | p = 0.402 | |

No (n = 123) | 0.21 (0.09–0.21)^{‡} | 0.50 (0.28–0.89)^{‡} | 3.56 (2.12–5.98)^{‡} |

p =1.33 × 10*** ^{−4} | p =0.026* | *** p = 1.71e × 10^{−6} |

. | Sample odds ratio (95% CI); p-value. | ||
---|---|---|---|

Open defecation (n = 47)
. | Non-private improved sanitation (n = 72)
. | Private improved sanitation (n = 184)
. | |

Yes (n = 117) | 3.00 (1.58–5.71)^{‡} | 1.80 (1.05–3.08)^{‡} | 0.36 (0.22–0.59)^{‡} |

*** p = 9.98 × 10^{−4} | p = 0.042* | p =5.85 × 10*** ^{−5} | |

I don't know (n = 59) | 1.30 (0.62–1.30)^{‡} | 1.09 (0.57–2.11)^{‡} | 0.75 (0.42–1.33)^{‡} |

p = 0.625 | p = 0.921 | p = 0.402 | |

No (n = 123) | 0.21 (0.09–0.21)^{‡} | 0.50 (0.28–0.89)^{‡} | 3.56 (2.12–5.98)^{‡} |

p =1.33 × 10*** ^{−4} | p =0.026* | *** p = 1.71e × 10^{−6} |

The **bold** values indicate a response occurring more frequently than would occur in a random distribution.

The *italic* values indicate a response occurring less frequently than would occur in a random distribution.

The row and column counts may exceed the respondent count, as respondents could report multiple household sanitation options.

*Significant at 0.05 level; **significant at 0.01 level; ***significant at 0.001 level.

^{‡}The *p*-values are the result of Pearson's *χ*^{2} test between the sample and all other respondent–response combinations (1 df); test statistic: , where *s*^{2} is the sample variance and *σ*^{2} is the population variance; H_{0}: *σ*^{2} = *σ*^{2}_{0}; H_{A}: *σ*^{2} ≠ *σ*^{2}_{0}.

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