Table 4

Former-subscriber responses to ‘Would you want to join the EkoLakay service again?’, by household sanitation status at the time of interview (n = 299)

Sample odds ratio (95% CI); p-value
Open defecation (n = 47)Non-private improved sanitation (n = 72)Private improved sanitation (n = 184)
Yes (n = 117) 3.00 (1.58–5.71) 1.80 (1.05–3.08) 0.36 (0.22–0.59)
p = 9.98 × 10−4*** p = 0.042* p =5.85 × 10−5***
I don't know (n = 59) 1.30 (0.62–1.30) 1.09 (0.57–2.11) 0.75 (0.42–1.33)
p = 0.625 p = 0.921 p = 0.402
No (n = 123) 0.21 (0.09–0.21) 0.50 (0.28–0.89) 3.56 (2.12–5.98)
p =1.33 × 10−4*** p =0.026p = 1.71e × 10−6***
Sample odds ratio (95% CI); p-value
Open defecation (n = 47)Non-private improved sanitation (n = 72)Private improved sanitation (n = 184)
Yes (n = 117) 3.00 (1.58–5.71) 1.80 (1.05–3.08) 0.36 (0.22–0.59)
p = 9.98 × 10−4*** p = 0.042* p =5.85 × 10−5***
I don't know (n = 59) 1.30 (0.62–1.30) 1.09 (0.57–2.11) 0.75 (0.42–1.33)
p = 0.625 p = 0.921 p = 0.402
No (n = 123) 0.21 (0.09–0.21) 0.50 (0.28–0.89) 3.56 (2.12–5.98)
p =1.33 × 10−4*** p =0.026p = 1.71e × 10−6***

The bold values indicate a response occurring more frequently than would occur in a random distribution.

The italic values indicate a response occurring less frequently than would occur in a random distribution.

The row and column counts may exceed the respondent count, as respondents could report multiple household sanitation options.

*Significant at 0.05 level; **significant at 0.01 level; ***significant at 0.001 level.

The p-values are the result of Pearson's χ2 test between the sample and all other respondent–response combinations (1 df); test statistic: , where s2 is the sample variance and σ2 is the population variance; H0: σ2 = σ20; HA: σ2σ20.

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