Table 5

Sanitation access and practices among study participants from four administrative cells of Butaro Sector in Northern Province, Rwanda (N = 539)

GatsiboMubugaMuhotoraNyamicucuTotal
(n = 131)(n = 134)(n = 138)(n = 136)(N = 539)
Count (%)
Sanitation cleaning frequency (among households with sanitation facility) 
 At least once per day 56 (43.8) 87 (65.4) 86 (62.8) 34 (25.6) 263 (49.5) 
 At least once per week 40 (31.3) 31 (23.3) 40 (29.2) 82 (61.7) 193 (36.3) 
 Othera 31 (24.2) 13 (9.8) 9 (6.6) 11 (8.3) 64 (12.1) 
 No response 1 (0.8) 2 (1.5) 2 (1.5) 6 (4.5) 11 (2.1) 
Animal pen cleaning frequency (among households with animals) 
 At least once per day 6 (7.6) 18 (19.8) 14 (17.7) 5 (7.9) 43 (13.8) 
 At least once per week 31 (39.2) 29 (31.9) 32 (40.5) 36 (57.1) 128 (41.0) 
 At least once per month 37 (46.8) 34 (37.4) 19 (24.1) 18 (28.6) 108 (34.6) 
 At least once per year 3 (3.8) 7 (7.7) 6 (7.6) 4 (6.3) 20 (6.4) 
 Otherb 0 (0) 2 (0) 3 (2.5) 0 (0) 5 (0.6) 
 No response 2 (2.5) 1 (1.1) 5 (6.3) 0 (0) 8 (2.6) 
Pit latrine operational time (among households with pit latrine) 
 <1 year 32 (27.4) 34 (28.8) 25 (20.8) 18 (15.8) 109 (23.2) 
 1–5 years 74 (63.2) 73 (61.9) 85 (70.8) 86 (75.4) 318 (67.8) 
 5–10 years 8 (6.8) 8 (6.8) 7 (5.8) 10 (8.8) 33 (7.0) 
 >10 years 3 (2.6) 3 (2.5) 2 (1.6) 0 (0) 8 (1.7) 
 No response 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 1 (0.2) 
Pit latrine time last emptied (among households with pit latrine) 
 <1 year 3 (2.6) 4 (3.4) 0 (0) 4 (3.5) 11 (2.3) 
 1–5 years 1 (0.9) 2 (1.7) 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 4 (0.9) 
 Never 113 (96.6) 112 (94.9) 119 (99.2) 110 (96.5) 454 (96.8) 
Diaper disposal (among households with children wearing diapers) 
 Burning 37 (74.0) 0 (0) 4 (9.3) 1 (4.2) 42 (29.2) 
 Latrine 6 (12.0) 21 (77.8) 11 (25.6) 16 (66.7) 54 (37.5) 
 Wash and reuse 0 (0) 5 (18.5) 25 (58.1) 5 (20.8) 35 (24.3) 
 Garbage 3 (6.0) 1 (3.7) 1 (2.3) 2 (8.3) 7 (4.9) 
 Otherc 4 (8.0) 0 (0) 2 (4.7) 0 (0) 6 (4.2) 
GatsiboMubugaMuhotoraNyamicucuTotal
(n = 131)(n = 134)(n = 138)(n = 136)(N = 539)
Count (%)
Sanitation cleaning frequency (among households with sanitation facility) 
 At least once per day 56 (43.8) 87 (65.4) 86 (62.8) 34 (25.6) 263 (49.5) 
 At least once per week 40 (31.3) 31 (23.3) 40 (29.2) 82 (61.7) 193 (36.3) 
 Othera 31 (24.2) 13 (9.8) 9 (6.6) 11 (8.3) 64 (12.1) 
 No response 1 (0.8) 2 (1.5) 2 (1.5) 6 (4.5) 11 (2.1) 
Animal pen cleaning frequency (among households with animals) 
 At least once per day 6 (7.6) 18 (19.8) 14 (17.7) 5 (7.9) 43 (13.8) 
 At least once per week 31 (39.2) 29 (31.9) 32 (40.5) 36 (57.1) 128 (41.0) 
 At least once per month 37 (46.8) 34 (37.4) 19 (24.1) 18 (28.6) 108 (34.6) 
 At least once per year 3 (3.8) 7 (7.7) 6 (7.6) 4 (6.3) 20 (6.4) 
 Otherb 0 (0) 2 (0) 3 (2.5) 0 (0) 5 (0.6) 
 No response 2 (2.5) 1 (1.1) 5 (6.3) 0 (0) 8 (2.6) 
Pit latrine operational time (among households with pit latrine) 
 <1 year 32 (27.4) 34 (28.8) 25 (20.8) 18 (15.8) 109 (23.2) 
 1–5 years 74 (63.2) 73 (61.9) 85 (70.8) 86 (75.4) 318 (67.8) 
 5–10 years 8 (6.8) 8 (6.8) 7 (5.8) 10 (8.8) 33 (7.0) 
 >10 years 3 (2.6) 3 (2.5) 2 (1.6) 0 (0) 8 (1.7) 
 No response 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 1 (0.2) 
Pit latrine time last emptied (among households with pit latrine) 
 <1 year 3 (2.6) 4 (3.4) 0 (0) 4 (3.5) 11 (2.3) 
 1–5 years 1 (0.9) 2 (1.7) 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 4 (0.9) 
 Never 113 (96.6) 112 (94.9) 119 (99.2) 110 (96.5) 454 (96.8) 
Diaper disposal (among households with children wearing diapers) 
 Burning 37 (74.0) 0 (0) 4 (9.3) 1 (4.2) 42 (29.2) 
 Latrine 6 (12.0) 21 (77.8) 11 (25.6) 16 (66.7) 54 (37.5) 
 Wash and reuse 0 (0) 5 (18.5) 25 (58.1) 5 (20.8) 35 (24.3) 
 Garbage 3 (6.0) 1 (3.7) 1 (2.3) 2 (8.3) 7 (4.9) 
 Otherc 4 (8.0) 0 (0) 2 (4.7) 0 (0) 6 (4.2) 

a‘Other’ included not knowing how often the facility was cleaned or cleaning the facility whenever it appeared dirty or ‘sometimes’ (not further specified).

b‘Other’ included cleaning the living space of the animals ‘never’ or ‘as needed’.

c‘Other’ included not knowing how the diapers were disposed of and leaving the diapers where they are (not further specified).

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