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Table 1

Basic information of the input variables (features) of water demand forecasting models

NumberCategoryNameMeaningValue range or unit
Time variables hour Current hour 0–24 h 
Time variables week_of_year Current week of the year 0–53 
Time variables weekday Current day 0–6 
Social variables is_workday Whether the day is a legal working day 1 or 0 (yes or no) 
Weather variables temp Current temperature °C 
Weather variables temp_max Maximum temperature of the day °C 
Weather variables temp_min Minimum temperature of the day °C 
Weather variables Pressure Atmospheric pressure hpa 
Weather variables humidity Relative humidity 0–100% 
10 Weather variables wind_deg Wind direction 0–360° 
11 Weather variables wind_speed Wind speed in knots 
12 Weather variables rain_1 h Accumulated precipitation within 1 h mm 
13 Weather variables rain_3 h Accumulated precipitation within 3 h mm 
14 Weather variables rain_24 h Accumulated precipitation within 1 h mm 
15 Weather variables rain_today Whether it rains that day 1 or 0 (yes or no) 
16 Weather variables clouds_all Percentage of clouds covering the sky 0–100% 
17–26 Weather variables weather_descrip-tion Including clear, clouds, drizzle, fog, haze, mist, rain, snow, squall, thunderstorm, a total of 10 weather conditions Snow = 1 or 0 (Indicating this weather appears or does not appear)
Fog = 1 or 0 (Indicating this weather appears or does not appear) 
NumberCategoryNameMeaningValue range or unit
Time variables hour Current hour 0–24 h 
Time variables week_of_year Current week of the year 0–53 
Time variables weekday Current day 0–6 
Social variables is_workday Whether the day is a legal working day 1 or 0 (yes or no) 
Weather variables temp Current temperature °C 
Weather variables temp_max Maximum temperature of the day °C 
Weather variables temp_min Minimum temperature of the day °C 
Weather variables Pressure Atmospheric pressure hpa 
Weather variables humidity Relative humidity 0–100% 
10 Weather variables wind_deg Wind direction 0–360° 
11 Weather variables wind_speed Wind speed in knots 
12 Weather variables rain_1 h Accumulated precipitation within 1 h mm 
13 Weather variables rain_3 h Accumulated precipitation within 3 h mm 
14 Weather variables rain_24 h Accumulated precipitation within 1 h mm 
15 Weather variables rain_today Whether it rains that day 1 or 0 (yes or no) 
16 Weather variables clouds_all Percentage of clouds covering the sky 0–100% 
17–26 Weather variables weather_descrip-tion Including clear, clouds, drizzle, fog, haze, mist, rain, snow, squall, thunderstorm, a total of 10 weather conditions Snow = 1 or 0 (Indicating this weather appears or does not appear)
Fog = 1 or 0 (Indicating this weather appears or does not appear) 
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