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Table 1

Documents included in the analysis

DocumentsResponsible MinistryComments
National Water Policy (1999)  Ministry of Water and Environment Provides a new framework within which to manage water resources in a more sustainable and equitable way 
National Environment Health Policy (2005)  Ministry of Health Provides a framework to develop sanitation programmes at national and local levels 
Water Action Plan (1995)  Ministry of Water and Environment Sets out management procedures for water resources 
Water Act (1997)  Ministry of Water and Environment Gives guidance on the use, protection and management of water resources and supply by water and sewerage authorities 
National Water and Sewerage Corporation Act (1995)  Ministry of Water and Environment Sets out objectives and responsibilities for the provision of water and sanitation services 
The Local Governments Act (1997)  Ministry of Local Government Makes provision for decentralisation and devolution of services to ensure good governance and participation in control and decision-making for existing water and sanitation facilities 
The National Environmental Act (1995)  National Environment and Management Authority Outlines procedures for monitoring, coordinating and supervising water and sanitation facilities to ensure sustainable management of the environment 
The Water (Waste Discharge) Regulations (1998)  Ministry of Water and Environment Sets out standard parameters and limit values for wastewater discharge and penalties if violated 
The Water (Water Resources) Regulations (1998)  Ministry of Water and Environment Regulates on water abstraction, water permits, and penalties to ensure sustainable water resource management 
The National Environment (Waste Management) Regulations (1999)  National Environment Management Authority Specifies procedures and penalties for waste management 
Local Council Courts Act (2006)  Ministry of Local Government Establishes local council courts for administration of justice at local level 
The Whistle Blowers Act (2010)  Minister of Ethics and Integrity Establishes procedures to encourage the disclosure of irregular, illegal, or corrupt practices 
Public Health Act (1935)  Ministry of Health Framework act to protect public health through sanitation and hygiene promotion 
Inspectorate of Government Act (2002)  Inspectorate of Government Establishes and describes the role of the inspectorate in eradicating corruption 
Local Governments (Financial and Accounting) Regulations (2007)  Ministry of Local Government Defines the role of local government councils and administrative units in the management of financial transactions and public money 
The Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (1998)  National Environment and Management Authority Guides the implementation and supervision of as well as penalties associated with, environmental impact assessments 
Sanitation Memorandum of Understanding Ministry of Water and Environment, Ministry of Health, MoES Defines ministry responsibilities in promoting sanitation and hygiene promotion 
DocumentsResponsible MinistryComments
National Water Policy (1999)  Ministry of Water and Environment Provides a new framework within which to manage water resources in a more sustainable and equitable way 
National Environment Health Policy (2005)  Ministry of Health Provides a framework to develop sanitation programmes at national and local levels 
Water Action Plan (1995)  Ministry of Water and Environment Sets out management procedures for water resources 
Water Act (1997)  Ministry of Water and Environment Gives guidance on the use, protection and management of water resources and supply by water and sewerage authorities 
National Water and Sewerage Corporation Act (1995)  Ministry of Water and Environment Sets out objectives and responsibilities for the provision of water and sanitation services 
The Local Governments Act (1997)  Ministry of Local Government Makes provision for decentralisation and devolution of services to ensure good governance and participation in control and decision-making for existing water and sanitation facilities 
The National Environmental Act (1995)  National Environment and Management Authority Outlines procedures for monitoring, coordinating and supervising water and sanitation facilities to ensure sustainable management of the environment 
The Water (Waste Discharge) Regulations (1998)  Ministry of Water and Environment Sets out standard parameters and limit values for wastewater discharge and penalties if violated 
The Water (Water Resources) Regulations (1998)  Ministry of Water and Environment Regulates on water abstraction, water permits, and penalties to ensure sustainable water resource management 
The National Environment (Waste Management) Regulations (1999)  National Environment Management Authority Specifies procedures and penalties for waste management 
Local Council Courts Act (2006)  Ministry of Local Government Establishes local council courts for administration of justice at local level 
The Whistle Blowers Act (2010)  Minister of Ethics and Integrity Establishes procedures to encourage the disclosure of irregular, illegal, or corrupt practices 
Public Health Act (1935)  Ministry of Health Framework act to protect public health through sanitation and hygiene promotion 
Inspectorate of Government Act (2002)  Inspectorate of Government Establishes and describes the role of the inspectorate in eradicating corruption 
Local Governments (Financial and Accounting) Regulations (2007)  Ministry of Local Government Defines the role of local government councils and administrative units in the management of financial transactions and public money 
The Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (1998)  National Environment and Management Authority Guides the implementation and supervision of as well as penalties associated with, environmental impact assessments 
Sanitation Memorandum of Understanding Ministry of Water and Environment, Ministry of Health, MoES Defines ministry responsibilities in promoting sanitation and hygiene promotion 
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