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Table 2

Relative profitability of DR over spot markets compared to the future market participation with fixed monthly prices

CountryYearRel. costsRel. energy useRel. CO2Average energy price
Average CI
% of energy volume used with negative prices
SpotFuturesSpotFutures
NL 2017 0.90 1.07 1.05 31.81 37.60 421.22 428.84 0.00 
2019 0.84 1.29 1.16 30.94 47.31 271.59 301.51 0.92 
DE 2017 0.44 1.32 1.15 11.93 35.44 319.52 365.43 11.44 
2019 0.50 1.29 1.05 17.67 45.43 222.10 273.41 14.25 
CountryYearRel. costsRel. energy useRel. CO2Average energy price
Average CI
% of energy volume used with negative prices
SpotFuturesSpotFutures
NL 2017 0.90 1.07 1.05 31.81 37.60 421.22 428.84 0.00 
2019 0.84 1.29 1.16 30.94 47.31 271.59 301.51 0.92 
DE 2017 0.44 1.32 1.15 11.93 35.44 319.52 365.43 11.44 
2019 0.50 1.29 1.05 17.67 45.43 222.10 273.41 14.25 

The rows show four scenarios of applying the multi-market MPC in DE and NL, using market data from 2 different years. The profitability of the multi-market strategy is divided by the profitability of the reference strategy without DR.

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