Skip to Main Content

In this study, it was found that 82.5% of the schools included in the sample provided full-time education, 91.7% were public schools, 53.8% were in districts outside the central districts, and the rates of primary and secondary schools were higher (25.9 and 25.3%, respectively). The number of students and teachers in the schools in the central districts was nearly twice that of the schools in the rural districts. Therefore, the number of students per school in the city center is higher. The ratios of male and female students in schools in the central and rural districts were close to each other. The ratio of female teachers in schools in the central districts was higher than both male teachers and those in the rural districts (Table 1). It was determined that in 59% of the schools, the students used the fountain in the garden or the building as a source of drinking water. However, in 34 schools (4%), students met their drinking water needs from the taps in the toilets. In addition, it was determined that only 37.1% of the schools had a programmed pest control program, 32.1% had permanent cleaning personnel, and the cleaning materials were mostly (51.2%) obtained from the school council budget. It was determined that only 16.0% of the schools had health offices and 36.8% of them had no staff (Table 2).

Table 1

General introductory characteristics of schools according to location

Central districts
Rural districts
Total
n%n%n%
Level (n=363) 
 Kindergarten 13 8.8 27 12.5 40 11.0 
 Primary school 41 27.9 53 24.5 94 25.9 
 Secondary school 37 25.2 55 25.5 92 25.3 
 High school 21 14.3 41 19.0 62 17.1 
 Mixed 35 23.8 40 18.5 75 20.7 
Status (n=480) 
 State school 190 85.6 250 96.9 440 91.7 
 Private school 32 14.4 3.1 40 8.3 
Type of teaching (n=480)a 
 Full time 171 77.0 225 87.2 396 82.5 
 Dual education 51 23.0 33 12.8 84 17.5 
Schools by the total number of students (n=480) 
 <500 126 56.8 208 80.6 334 69.6 
 500–1,000 61 27.5 42 16.3 103 21.5 
 >1,000 35 15.8 3.1 43 9.0 
Total number of students in schools by gender (n=172,715) 
 Female 52,316 48.3 30,895 48.0 83,211 48.2 
 Male 56,087 51.7 33,417 52.0 89,504 51.8 
Total number of teachers in schools by gender (n=3,697) 
 Female 1,378 57.6 667 51.0 2,045 55.3 
 Male 1,013 42.4 639 49.0 1,652 44.7 
Central districts
Rural districts
Total
n%n%n%
Level (n=363) 
 Kindergarten 13 8.8 27 12.5 40 11.0 
 Primary school 41 27.9 53 24.5 94 25.9 
 Secondary school 37 25.2 55 25.5 92 25.3 
 High school 21 14.3 41 19.0 62 17.1 
 Mixed 35 23.8 40 18.5 75 20.7 
Status (n=480) 
 State school 190 85.6 250 96.9 440 91.7 
 Private school 32 14.4 3.1 40 8.3 
Type of teaching (n=480)a 
 Full time 171 77.0 225 87.2 396 82.5 
 Dual education 51 23.0 33 12.8 84 17.5 
Schools by the total number of students (n=480) 
 <500 126 56.8 208 80.6 334 69.6 
 500–1,000 61 27.5 42 16.3 103 21.5 
 >1,000 35 15.8 3.1 43 9.0 
Total number of students in schools by gender (n=172,715) 
 Female 52,316 48.3 30,895 48.0 83,211 48.2 
 Male 56,087 51.7 33,417 52.0 89,504 51.8 
Total number of teachers in schools by gender (n=3,697) 
 Female 1,378 57.6 667 51.0 2,045 55.3 
 Male 1,013 42.4 639 49.0 1,652 44.7 

aIn Turkey, in schools with many students, half of the students come to school in the morning and half in the afternoon. That is, a dual education system is applied in these schools. In schools with a low number of students, the same students receive full-time education.

Table 2

Some hygiene and sanitation facilities of schools according to location

Central districts
Rural districts
Total
n%n%n%
Drinking water source (n=758)a 
 Fountain in the garden (mains water) 127 36.5 201 48.4 328 43.0 
 Fountain in the building independent of the toilets 49 14.1 73 17.6 122 16.0 
 Water dispenser 139 39.9 113 27.2 252 33.0 
 Fountain in the toilets 22 6.3 12 2.9 34 4.5 
 Other 11 3.2 16 3.9 27 3.5 
Pest control method (n=480) 
 Programmed prevention/elimination program 100 45.0 78 30.2 178 37.1 
 Not programmed, if needed 114 51.4 159 61.6 273 56.9 
 No prevention/elimination program 3.6 21 8.1 29 6.0 
Supply of cleaning staff (n=697)a 
 Service purchasing 126 37.0 108 30.3 234 33.6 
 Permanent staff 119 34.9 105 29.5 224 32.1 
 Contractual staff 27 7.9 25 7.0 52 7.5 
 Other 69 20.2 118 33.1 187 26.8 
Cleaning material supply (n=670)a 
 School council budget 190 55.6 153 46.6 343 51.2 
 General budget of the school 99 28.9 140 42.7 239 35.7 
 From official institutions 53 15.5 35 10.7 88 13.1 
Health office (n=480) 
 Available 27 21.6 12 10.1 39 16.0 
 Not available 98 78.4 107 89.9 205 84.0 
Staff in the health office (n=39) 
 None 34.6 41.7 14 36.8 
 Doctor 7.7 0.0 5.3 
 Nurse 30.8 33.3 13 31.6 
 Teacher 19.2 16.7 18.4 
Central districts
Rural districts
Total
n%n%n%
Drinking water source (n=758)a 
 Fountain in the garden (mains water) 127 36.5 201 48.4 328 43.0 
 Fountain in the building independent of the toilets 49 14.1 73 17.6 122 16.0 
 Water dispenser 139 39.9 113 27.2 252 33.0 
 Fountain in the toilets 22 6.3 12 2.9 34 4.5 
 Other 11 3.2 16 3.9 27 3.5 
Pest control method (n=480) 
 Programmed prevention/elimination program 100 45.0 78 30.2 178 37.1 
 Not programmed, if needed 114 51.4 159 61.6 273 56.9 
 No prevention/elimination program 3.6 21 8.1 29 6.0 
Supply of cleaning staff (n=697)a 
 Service purchasing 126 37.0 108 30.3 234 33.6 
 Permanent staff 119 34.9 105 29.5 224 32.1 
 Contractual staff 27 7.9 25 7.0 52 7.5 
 Other 69 20.2 118 33.1 187 26.8 
Cleaning material supply (n=670)a 
 School council budget 190 55.6 153 46.6 343 51.2 
 General budget of the school 99 28.9 140 42.7 239 35.7 
 From official institutions 53 15.5 35 10.7 88 13.1 
Health office (n=480) 
 Available 27 21.6 12 10.1 39 16.0 
 Not available 98 78.4 107 89.9 205 84.0 
Staff in the health office (n=39) 
 None 34.6 41.7 14 36.8 
 Doctor 7.7 0.0 5.3 
 Nurse 30.8 33.3 13 31.6 
 Teacher 19.2 16.7 18.4 

aSince more than one method was used, ‘n’ indicates the total number of answers.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal