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Table 1

Summary of the MME statistics of mean annual and seasonal temperature, precipitation and runoff projections for the historical period, near future (NF) and far future (FF) under RCPs 4.5 and 8.5

Temporal aggregationScenarioTemperature (T) [°C]Precipitation (P) [mm]Runoff (R) [mm]
Annual Historical 8 (7.9, 8.3) 700 (686, 717) 166 (148, 186) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 9.1 (8.7, 9.6) 738 (722, 761) 192 (171, 214) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 10 (9.5, 10.6) 765 (740, 800) 209 (176, 236) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 9.3 (8.8, 9.8) 753 (723, 778) 203 (175, 222) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 11.6 (11.1, 12.2) 806 (755, 846) 234 (196, 257) 
DJF Historical −1.6 (−2, −1) 138 (132, 146) 36.3 (30.2, 41.9) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF −0.4 (−1.3, 0.3) 148 (141, 154) 46.3 (41.7, 49.6) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 0.9 (0.3, 1.5) 157 (151, 167) 53.9 (47.3, 58.4) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF −0.2 (−1, 0.8) 152 (142, 170) 52.7 (46.3, 60.1) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 2.9 (2.2, 3.6) 173 (158, 189) 67.6 (55.7, 81.5) 
MAM Historical 7.7 (7.5, 7.9) 153.5 (150, 158) 63.8 (58.6, 72.6) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 8.7 (8.2, 9.8) 166 (151, 180) 69.4 (61.1, 84.2) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 9.7 (8.8, 11) 181 (171, 193) 70.6 (57.5, 79.4) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 9 (8.4, 10.2) 173 (159, 196) 70.7 (61.3, 81.5) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 10.9 (10.2, 12.3) 193 (180, 209) 74.8 (64, 81.8) 
JJA Historical 17.3 (17.1, 17.5) 253 (244, 260) 40.2 (35.4, 44.9) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 18.3 (17.9, 18.6) 262 (244, 287) 46 (41.2, 52.8) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 19 (18.5, 19.7) 264 (240, 298) 50.9 (44, 62.2) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 18.4 (17.7, 18.7) 263 (246, 278) 48.4 (42, 52.4) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 20.4 (19.8, 21.4) 264 (227, 307) 53.3 (46.1, 63) 
SON Historical 8.5 (8.3, 8.8) 155 (142, 167) 26 (22.3, 30) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 9.6 (8.9, 10) 161 (141, 175) 30.2 (24.6, 33.6) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 10.3 (9.8, 10.9) 162 (158, 170) 33.3 (27.3, 39.6) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 9.8 (8.9, 10.5) 164 (148, 183) 31.4 (23.8, 41.2) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 11.9 (11.1, 13) 175 (157, 200) 38.1 (29.6, 45.5) 
Temporal aggregationScenarioTemperature (T) [°C]Precipitation (P) [mm]Runoff (R) [mm]
Annual Historical 8 (7.9, 8.3) 700 (686, 717) 166 (148, 186) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 9.1 (8.7, 9.6) 738 (722, 761) 192 (171, 214) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 10 (9.5, 10.6) 765 (740, 800) 209 (176, 236) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 9.3 (8.8, 9.8) 753 (723, 778) 203 (175, 222) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 11.6 (11.1, 12.2) 806 (755, 846) 234 (196, 257) 
DJF Historical −1.6 (−2, −1) 138 (132, 146) 36.3 (30.2, 41.9) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF −0.4 (−1.3, 0.3) 148 (141, 154) 46.3 (41.7, 49.6) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 0.9 (0.3, 1.5) 157 (151, 167) 53.9 (47.3, 58.4) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF −0.2 (−1, 0.8) 152 (142, 170) 52.7 (46.3, 60.1) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 2.9 (2.2, 3.6) 173 (158, 189) 67.6 (55.7, 81.5) 
MAM Historical 7.7 (7.5, 7.9) 153.5 (150, 158) 63.8 (58.6, 72.6) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 8.7 (8.2, 9.8) 166 (151, 180) 69.4 (61.1, 84.2) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 9.7 (8.8, 11) 181 (171, 193) 70.6 (57.5, 79.4) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 9 (8.4, 10.2) 173 (159, 196) 70.7 (61.3, 81.5) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 10.9 (10.2, 12.3) 193 (180, 209) 74.8 (64, 81.8) 
JJA Historical 17.3 (17.1, 17.5) 253 (244, 260) 40.2 (35.4, 44.9) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 18.3 (17.9, 18.6) 262 (244, 287) 46 (41.2, 52.8) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 19 (18.5, 19.7) 264 (240, 298) 50.9 (44, 62.2) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 18.4 (17.7, 18.7) 263 (246, 278) 48.4 (42, 52.4) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 20.4 (19.8, 21.4) 264 (227, 307) 53.3 (46.1, 63) 
SON Historical 8.5 (8.3, 8.8) 155 (142, 167) 26 (22.3, 30) 
 RCP 4.5 – NF 9.6 (8.9, 10) 161 (141, 175) 30.2 (24.6, 33.6) 
 RCP 4.5 – FF 10.3 (9.8, 10.9) 162 (158, 170) 33.3 (27.3, 39.6) 
 RCP 8.5 – NF 9.8 (8.9, 10.5) 164 (148, 183) 31.4 (23.8, 41.2) 
 RCP 8.5 – FF 11.9 (11.1, 13) 175 (157, 200) 38.1 (29.6, 45.5) 

In each cell the ensemble mean values followed by the ensemble minimum and maximum values (in parentheses) are given.

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