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Table 1

General information of 30 GCMs used

Modeling centerInstitutionModel nameHorizontal resolution (lon. × lat.)ID
CSIRO-BOM CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Australia), and BOM (Bureau of Meteorology, Australia) ACCESS1.0 1.875 × 1.25 
ACCESS1.3 1.875 × 1.25 
BCC Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration BCC-CSM1.1 2.8 × 2.8 
BCC-CSM1.1(m) 1.125 × 1.125 
GCESS College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University BNU-ESM 2.8 × 2.8 
CCCma Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis CanESM2 2.8 × 2.8 
CESM1-CAM5 1.25 × 0.9 
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research CESM1 1.25 × 0.9 
CMCC Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per I Cambiamenti Climatici CMCC-CESM 3.75 × 3.7 
CMCC-CM 0.75 × 0.7 10 
CMCC-CMS 1.875 × 1.875 11 
CNRM-CERFACS Centre National de Recherches Météorologique/Centre Européen de Recherche et de Formation Avancée en Calcul Scientifique CNRM-CM5 1.4 × 1.4 12 
CSIRO-QCCCE Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation in collaboration with the Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence CSIRO-Mk3.6.0 1.875 × 1.875 13 
ICHEC Irish Centre for High-End Computing EC-EARTH 1.1 × 1.1 14 
LASG-CESS LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; and CESS, Tsinghua University FGOALS-g2 1.875 × 1.25 15 
NOAA-GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GFDL-CM3 2.5 × 2.0 16 
GFDL-ESM2G 2.5 × 2.0 17 
GFDL-ESM2M 2.5 × 2.0 18 
NIMR-KMA National Institute of Meteorological Research HadGEM2-AO 1.875 × 1.25 19 
MOHC Met Office Hadley Centre HadGEM2-CC 1.875 × 1.25 20 
HadGEM2-ES 1.875 × 1.25 21 
INM Institute for Numerical Mathematics INM-CM4 2.0 × 1.5 22 
IPSL Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace IPSL-CM5A-LR 3.75 × 1.875 23 
IPSL-CM5A-MR 2.5 × 1.25 24 
IPSL-CM5B-LR 3.75 × 1.875 25 
MPI-M Max Planck Institute for Meteorology MPI-ESM-LR 1.875 × 1.8 26 
MPI-ESM-MR 1.875 × 1.8 27 
MRI Meteorological Research Institute MRI-CGCM3 1.125 × 1.125 28 
MRI-ESM1 1.1 × 1.1 29 
NCC Norwegian Climate Centre NorESM1-M 2.5 × 1.9 30 
Modeling centerInstitutionModel nameHorizontal resolution (lon. × lat.)ID
CSIRO-BOM CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Australia), and BOM (Bureau of Meteorology, Australia) ACCESS1.0 1.875 × 1.25 
ACCESS1.3 1.875 × 1.25 
BCC Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration BCC-CSM1.1 2.8 × 2.8 
BCC-CSM1.1(m) 1.125 × 1.125 
GCESS College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University BNU-ESM 2.8 × 2.8 
CCCma Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis CanESM2 2.8 × 2.8 
CESM1-CAM5 1.25 × 0.9 
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research CESM1 1.25 × 0.9 
CMCC Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per I Cambiamenti Climatici CMCC-CESM 3.75 × 3.7 
CMCC-CM 0.75 × 0.7 10 
CMCC-CMS 1.875 × 1.875 11 
CNRM-CERFACS Centre National de Recherches Météorologique/Centre Européen de Recherche et de Formation Avancée en Calcul Scientifique CNRM-CM5 1.4 × 1.4 12 
CSIRO-QCCCE Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation in collaboration with the Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence CSIRO-Mk3.6.0 1.875 × 1.875 13 
ICHEC Irish Centre for High-End Computing EC-EARTH 1.1 × 1.1 14 
LASG-CESS LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; and CESS, Tsinghua University FGOALS-g2 1.875 × 1.25 15 
NOAA-GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GFDL-CM3 2.5 × 2.0 16 
GFDL-ESM2G 2.5 × 2.0 17 
GFDL-ESM2M 2.5 × 2.0 18 
NIMR-KMA National Institute of Meteorological Research HadGEM2-AO 1.875 × 1.25 19 
MOHC Met Office Hadley Centre HadGEM2-CC 1.875 × 1.25 20 
HadGEM2-ES 1.875 × 1.25 21 
INM Institute for Numerical Mathematics INM-CM4 2.0 × 1.5 22 
IPSL Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace IPSL-CM5A-LR 3.75 × 1.875 23 
IPSL-CM5A-MR 2.5 × 1.25 24 
IPSL-CM5B-LR 3.75 × 1.875 25 
MPI-M Max Planck Institute for Meteorology MPI-ESM-LR 1.875 × 1.8 26 
MPI-ESM-MR 1.875 × 1.8 27 
MRI Meteorological Research Institute MRI-CGCM3 1.125 × 1.125 28 
MRI-ESM1 1.1 × 1.1 29 
NCC Norwegian Climate Centre NorESM1-M 2.5 × 1.9 30 
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