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Table 2

Equilibrium phases formed during the simulation of evaporation processes

NameFormulaLog K
Anhydrite CaSO4 = Ca2+ + SO42− −4.362 
Aragonite CaCO3 = CO32− + Ca2+ −8.336 
Barite BaSO4 = Ba2+ + SO42− −9.97 
Bischofite MgCl2:6H2O = Mg2+ + 2Cl + 6H24.455 
Calcite CaCO3 = CO32− + Ca2+ −8.406 
Carnallite KMgCl3:6H2O = K+ + Mg2+ + 3Cl + 6H24.330 
Celestite SrSO4 = Sr2+ + SO42− −6.630 
Epsomite MgSO4:7H2O = Mg2+ + SO42− + 7H2−1.881 
Glaserite NaK3(SO4)2 = Na+ + 3K+ + 2SO42− −3.803 
Glauberite Na2Ca(SO4)2 = Ca2+ + 2Na+ + 2SO42− −5.245 
Gypsum CaSO4:2H2O = Ca2+ + SO42− + 2H2−4.581 
Halite NaCl = Cl + Na+ 1.570 
Hexahydrite MgSO4:6H2O = Mg2+ + SO42− + 6H2−1.635 
Illite K0.6Mg0.25Al1.8Al0.5Si3.5O10(OH)2 +8H+ = 0.25Mg2+ + 0.6 K+ + 2.3Al3+ + 3.5SiO2 + 5H29.026 
Kieserite MgSO4:H2O = Mg2+ + SO42− + H2−0.123 
Mirabilite Na2SO4:10H2O = SO42− + 2Na+ + 10H2−1.214 
Montmor-Mg Mg0.495Al1.67Si4O10(OH)2 +6H+ = 0.495Mg2+ + 1.67Al3+ + 4H2O + 4SiO2 2.39 
Montmor-Ca Ca0.165Mg0.33Al1.67Si4O10(OH)2 +6H+ = 0.165Ca2+ + 0.33Mg2+ + 1.67Al3+ + 4H2O + 4SiO2 2.49 
Montmor-Na Na0.33Mg0.33Al1.67Si4O10(OH)2 + 6H+ = 0.33Mg2+ + 0.33Na+ + 1.67Al3+ + 4H2O + 4SiO2 2.48 
Nahcolite NaHCO3 = CO32− + H+ + Na+ −10.742 
Natron Na2CO3:10H2O = CO32− + 2 Na+ + 10H2−0.825 
Polyhalite K2MgCa2(SO4)4:2H2O = 2K+ + Mg2+ + 2Ca2+ + 4SO42− + 2H2−13.744 
Strontianite SrCO3 + H+ =HCO3 + Sr2+ −0.31 
Sylvite KCl = K+ + Cl 0.900 
Thenardite Na2SO4 = 2Na+ + SO42− −0.35 
Trona Na3H(CO3)2:2H2O = 3Na+ + H+ + 2CO32− + 2H2−11.384 
NameFormulaLog K
Anhydrite CaSO4 = Ca2+ + SO42− −4.362 
Aragonite CaCO3 = CO32− + Ca2+ −8.336 
Barite BaSO4 = Ba2+ + SO42− −9.97 
Bischofite MgCl2:6H2O = Mg2+ + 2Cl + 6H24.455 
Calcite CaCO3 = CO32− + Ca2+ −8.406 
Carnallite KMgCl3:6H2O = K+ + Mg2+ + 3Cl + 6H24.330 
Celestite SrSO4 = Sr2+ + SO42− −6.630 
Epsomite MgSO4:7H2O = Mg2+ + SO42− + 7H2−1.881 
Glaserite NaK3(SO4)2 = Na+ + 3K+ + 2SO42− −3.803 
Glauberite Na2Ca(SO4)2 = Ca2+ + 2Na+ + 2SO42− −5.245 
Gypsum CaSO4:2H2O = Ca2+ + SO42− + 2H2−4.581 
Halite NaCl = Cl + Na+ 1.570 
Hexahydrite MgSO4:6H2O = Mg2+ + SO42− + 6H2−1.635 
Illite K0.6Mg0.25Al1.8Al0.5Si3.5O10(OH)2 +8H+ = 0.25Mg2+ + 0.6 K+ + 2.3Al3+ + 3.5SiO2 + 5H29.026 
Kieserite MgSO4:H2O = Mg2+ + SO42− + H2−0.123 
Mirabilite Na2SO4:10H2O = SO42− + 2Na+ + 10H2−1.214 
Montmor-Mg Mg0.495Al1.67Si4O10(OH)2 +6H+ = 0.495Mg2+ + 1.67Al3+ + 4H2O + 4SiO2 2.39 
Montmor-Ca Ca0.165Mg0.33Al1.67Si4O10(OH)2 +6H+ = 0.165Ca2+ + 0.33Mg2+ + 1.67Al3+ + 4H2O + 4SiO2 2.49 
Montmor-Na Na0.33Mg0.33Al1.67Si4O10(OH)2 + 6H+ = 0.33Mg2+ + 0.33Na+ + 1.67Al3+ + 4H2O + 4SiO2 2.48 
Nahcolite NaHCO3 = CO32− + H+ + Na+ −10.742 
Natron Na2CO3:10H2O = CO32− + 2 Na+ + 10H2−0.825 
Polyhalite K2MgCa2(SO4)4:2H2O = 2K+ + Mg2+ + 2Ca2+ + 4SO42− + 2H2−13.744 
Strontianite SrCO3 + H+ =HCO3 + Sr2+ −0.31 
Sylvite KCl = K+ + Cl 0.900 
Thenardite Na2SO4 = 2Na+ + SO42− −0.35 
Trona Na3H(CO3)2:2H2O = 3Na+ + H+ + 2CO32− + 2H2−11.384 
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