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Table 1

Attributes and their descriptions selected for the study

SI no.AttributesDescription
Location for toilet Site of toilet with respect to dwelling area (attached/semi-attached/detached) 
Adequacy of toilet Number of toilets/household 
Type of pan Rural pan/Orissa pan/eco-san/western pan 
Type of disposal system Single pit/twin pit/septic tank/aqua privy/sewer/bore hole 
Capacity of pit/tank Cleaning interval of disposal pit/tank (years) 
Type of wall Brick/mud/wood/other 
Type of roof RCC/GI sheet/tiles/wood/others 
Height of wall Height of roof from toilet platform (feet) 
Height of door Height of door from platform of toilet (feet) 
10 Type of door Iron/wood/plastic/others 
11 Space within toilet Available space within toilet (square feet) 
12 Ventilation Size of ventilation (large/medium/small/no ventilation) 
13 Distance to source of water Time taken in traveling, waiting and operating the source of water used for water collection for the toilet (minutes) 
14 Type of source of water for toilet use Tap within toilet/outside toilet/community tap/hand pump/others 
15 Convenience in water collection Effort required in operating source of water, collecting and carrying water for flushing and cleansing toilet (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
16 Convenience in toilet cleaning Time, cost and quantity of water required for cleaning of pan and area within toilet (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
17 Flushing mechanism Ways of flushing feces after defecation (mechanical flush/pour flush/dry/no flush) 
18 Maintenance convenience Effort required for repairing/replacing the damaged parts of superstructure/substructure in terms of cost, time and labor (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
19 Convenience in emptying pit/tank Time, cost and effort required for cleaning disposal pit/tank (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
SI no.AttributesDescription
Location for toilet Site of toilet with respect to dwelling area (attached/semi-attached/detached) 
Adequacy of toilet Number of toilets/household 
Type of pan Rural pan/Orissa pan/eco-san/western pan 
Type of disposal system Single pit/twin pit/septic tank/aqua privy/sewer/bore hole 
Capacity of pit/tank Cleaning interval of disposal pit/tank (years) 
Type of wall Brick/mud/wood/other 
Type of roof RCC/GI sheet/tiles/wood/others 
Height of wall Height of roof from toilet platform (feet) 
Height of door Height of door from platform of toilet (feet) 
10 Type of door Iron/wood/plastic/others 
11 Space within toilet Available space within toilet (square feet) 
12 Ventilation Size of ventilation (large/medium/small/no ventilation) 
13 Distance to source of water Time taken in traveling, waiting and operating the source of water used for water collection for the toilet (minutes) 
14 Type of source of water for toilet use Tap within toilet/outside toilet/community tap/hand pump/others 
15 Convenience in water collection Effort required in operating source of water, collecting and carrying water for flushing and cleansing toilet (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
16 Convenience in toilet cleaning Time, cost and quantity of water required for cleaning of pan and area within toilet (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
17 Flushing mechanism Ways of flushing feces after defecation (mechanical flush/pour flush/dry/no flush) 
18 Maintenance convenience Effort required for repairing/replacing the damaged parts of superstructure/substructure in terms of cost, time and labor (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 
19 Convenience in emptying pit/tank Time, cost and effort required for cleaning disposal pit/tank (little effort/medium effort/high effort) 

RCC, reinforced cement concrete; GI, galvanized iron.

Source: Rashid & Pandit (2017).

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