Table 7

Socioeconomic groups . | Toilet structure . | Availability of water . | Toilet maintenance . | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mean . | SD . | Mean . | SD . | Mean . | SD . | |

Type of toilet^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | |||

Self-financed | 0.552 | 0.311 | 0.471 | 0.653 | 0.111 | 0.822 |

Partially financed | 0.376 | 0.329 | −0.067 | 0.792 | 0.522 | 0.803 |

Fully subsidized | −0.806 | 0.700 | −0.597 | 0.898 | −0.265 | 0.969 |

Age (years)^{a} | P value: 0.310 | P value: 0.788 | P value: 0.403 | |||

<30 | −0.079 | 0.918 | −0.023 | 1.051 | −0.181 | 0.952 |

30–39 | −0.001 | 0.827 | 0.037 | 0.936 | 0.026 | 0.881 |

40–49 | −0.049 | 0.827 | −0.060 | 0.873 | 0.004 | 0.941 |

>49 | 0.123 | 0.750 | 0.043 | 0.890 | 0.062 | 0.893 |

Gender^{b} | P value: 0.003 | P value: 0.005 | P value: 0.249 | |||

Male | 0.048 | 0.802 | 0.051 | 0.911 | −0.020 | 0.904 |

Female | −0.273 | 0.903 | −0.295 | 0.929 | 0.117 | 0.953 |

Caste^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.584 | |||

Upper castes | 0.299 | 0.560 | 0.248 | 0.787 | 0.037 | 0.873 |

‘Backward’ castes | 0.100 | 0.785 | 0.044 | 0.883 | 0.035 | 0.888 |

‘Extremely backward’ castes | −0.150 | 0.862 | −0.243 | 1.013 | −0.038 | 0.928 |

Scheduled castes | −0.412 | 0.949 | −0.342 | 0.941 | −0.073 | 1.000 |

Education^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.002 | P value: 0.000 | |||

Illiterate | −0.270 | 0.851 | −0.181 | 0.758 | 0.187 | 0.955 |

Up to class 5th | −0.389 | 0.980 | −0.237 | 0.932 | −0.102 | 1.066 |

Up to class 8th | −0.002 | 0.806 | −0.059 | 0.933 | 0.195 | 0.874 |

Up to class 10th | 0.085 | 0.776 | −0.044 | 0.869 | 0.116 | 0.924 |

Up to class 12th | 0.215 | 0.683 | 0.254 | 0.998 | −0.349 | 0.736 |

Graduation and above | 0.382 | 0.566 | 0.397 | 0.816 | −0.261 | 0.741 |

Economic status^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | |||

Below poverty line | −0.767 | 0.749 | −0.620 | 0.924 | −0.306 | 0.967 |

Low income groups | −0.203 | 0.780 | −0.234 | 0.829 | 0.198 | 0.939 |

Middle income groups | 0.502 | 0.405 | 0.365 | 0.599 | 0.233 | 0.809 |

High income groups | 0.573 | 0.293 | 0.567 | 0.734 | −0.041 | 0.816 |

Socioeconomic groups . | Toilet structure . | Availability of water . | Toilet maintenance . | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mean . | SD . | Mean . | SD . | Mean . | SD . | |

Type of toilet^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | |||

Self-financed | 0.552 | 0.311 | 0.471 | 0.653 | 0.111 | 0.822 |

Partially financed | 0.376 | 0.329 | −0.067 | 0.792 | 0.522 | 0.803 |

Fully subsidized | −0.806 | 0.700 | −0.597 | 0.898 | −0.265 | 0.969 |

Age (years)^{a} | P value: 0.310 | P value: 0.788 | P value: 0.403 | |||

<30 | −0.079 | 0.918 | −0.023 | 1.051 | −0.181 | 0.952 |

30–39 | −0.001 | 0.827 | 0.037 | 0.936 | 0.026 | 0.881 |

40–49 | −0.049 | 0.827 | −0.060 | 0.873 | 0.004 | 0.941 |

>49 | 0.123 | 0.750 | 0.043 | 0.890 | 0.062 | 0.893 |

Gender^{b} | P value: 0.003 | P value: 0.005 | P value: 0.249 | |||

Male | 0.048 | 0.802 | 0.051 | 0.911 | −0.020 | 0.904 |

Female | −0.273 | 0.903 | −0.295 | 0.929 | 0.117 | 0.953 |

Caste^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.584 | |||

Upper castes | 0.299 | 0.560 | 0.248 | 0.787 | 0.037 | 0.873 |

‘Backward’ castes | 0.100 | 0.785 | 0.044 | 0.883 | 0.035 | 0.888 |

‘Extremely backward’ castes | −0.150 | 0.862 | −0.243 | 1.013 | −0.038 | 0.928 |

Scheduled castes | −0.412 | 0.949 | −0.342 | 0.941 | −0.073 | 1.000 |

Education^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.002 | P value: 0.000 | |||

Illiterate | −0.270 | 0.851 | −0.181 | 0.758 | 0.187 | 0.955 |

Up to class 5th | −0.389 | 0.980 | −0.237 | 0.932 | −0.102 | 1.066 |

Up to class 8th | −0.002 | 0.806 | −0.059 | 0.933 | 0.195 | 0.874 |

Up to class 10th | 0.085 | 0.776 | −0.044 | 0.869 | 0.116 | 0.924 |

Up to class 12th | 0.215 | 0.683 | 0.254 | 0.998 | −0.349 | 0.736 |

Graduation and above | 0.382 | 0.566 | 0.397 | 0.816 | −0.261 | 0.741 |

Economic status^{a} | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | P value: 0.000 | |||

Below poverty line | −0.767 | 0.749 | −0.620 | 0.924 | −0.306 | 0.967 |

Low income groups | −0.203 | 0.780 | −0.234 | 0.829 | 0.198 | 0.939 |

Middle income groups | 0.502 | 0.405 | 0.365 | 0.599 | 0.233 | 0.809 |

High income groups | 0.573 | 0.293 | 0.567 | 0.734 | −0.041 | 0.816 |

^{a}Kruskal–Wallis test.

^{b}Mann–Whitney U test.

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