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Table 2.

Actors in FMP in Alberta and their sources of authority.

ActorRoleAuthority source
Politicians 
  • Decision-makers on policy

 
 
Government of Alberta 
  • Managers and regulators of development in the floodway

  • Managers of Flood Hazard Identification Program

  • Responsible for disaster recovery programs

 
Floodway: Authority granted under the Water Act, R.S.A. 2000, Ch. W-3. In Alberta, the ‘floodway’ (or flood hazard area) is ‘the area within which the entire design flood [1:100] can be conveyed while meeting certain water elevation rise, water velocity and water depth criteria’ (GOA, 2012c, p. 55). The ‘flood fringe’ is ‘the land along the edges of the flood risk area that has relatively shallow water … with lower velocities …’ (GOA, 2012c, p. 55). For ease of discussion, these both are referred to here as the ‘floodplain’ 
Municipal Governments 
  • Managers of development in the flood fringe

  • Municipal land zoning (Municipal Government Act, 2000)

 
Zoning: Authority granted under the Municipal Government Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. M-36 
Government of Canada 
  • Flood Damage Reduction Program (1989–1999)

  • Ongoing indirect role

 
Ongoing indirect role: Activities related to navigation, fisheries, interprovincial/international issues, and works that are beneficial to Canada or to two or more provinces (Environment Canada, 2009) 
Interest Groups 
  • Seek to influence governments on issues of interest

 
 
Proponents 
  • Seek to undertake construction in the floodplain

 
 
ActorRoleAuthority source
Politicians 
  • Decision-makers on policy

 
 
Government of Alberta 
  • Managers and regulators of development in the floodway

  • Managers of Flood Hazard Identification Program

  • Responsible for disaster recovery programs

 
Floodway: Authority granted under the Water Act, R.S.A. 2000, Ch. W-3. In Alberta, the ‘floodway’ (or flood hazard area) is ‘the area within which the entire design flood [1:100] can be conveyed while meeting certain water elevation rise, water velocity and water depth criteria’ (GOA, 2012c, p. 55). The ‘flood fringe’ is ‘the land along the edges of the flood risk area that has relatively shallow water … with lower velocities …’ (GOA, 2012c, p. 55). For ease of discussion, these both are referred to here as the ‘floodplain’ 
Municipal Governments 
  • Managers of development in the flood fringe

  • Municipal land zoning (Municipal Government Act, 2000)

 
Zoning: Authority granted under the Municipal Government Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. M-36 
Government of Canada 
  • Flood Damage Reduction Program (1989–1999)

  • Ongoing indirect role

 
Ongoing indirect role: Activities related to navigation, fisheries, interprovincial/international issues, and works that are beneficial to Canada or to two or more provinces (Environment Canada, 2009) 
Interest Groups 
  • Seek to influence governments on issues of interest

 
 
Proponents 
  • Seek to undertake construction in the floodplain

 
 
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