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Table 1.

Hierarchy of government and water management scales in South Africa.

Water services
Water resources
Administrative levelsPopulation in 2011Area (km2)Management levelsArea (km2)
National 51,770,560 1,220,813 National 1,220,813 
Province (9) 1,145,861 to 12,272,263 18,178 to 372,889 Water Management Areas (9) 12,880 to 234,770 
District (52) 71,011 to 4,434,827 1,645 to 126,836 Sub-Water Management Areas (86) 1,500 to 104,000 
Municipality (234) 7,003 to 4,434,827 252 to 36,128 Quaternary catchments (1,855) 48 to 18,128 
Ward (4,277) 360 to 91,717 0.15 to 29,838 
Water services
Water resources
Administrative levelsPopulation in 2011Area (km2)Management levelsArea (km2)
National 51,770,560 1,220,813 National 1,220,813 
Province (9) 1,145,861 to 12,272,263 18,178 to 372,889 Water Management Areas (9) 12,880 to 234,770 
District (52) 71,011 to 4,434,827 1,645 to 126,836 Sub-Water Management Areas (86) 1,500 to 104,000 
Municipality (234) 7,003 to 4,434,827 252 to 36,128 Quaternary catchments (1,855) 48 to 18,128 
Ward (4,277) 360 to 91,717 0.15 to 29,838 

Notes: The number of administrative or management units are given in brackets. The ward boundaries used in the 2011 Census were defined in 2010. Eight metropolitan areas are classified as both districts and municipalities.

Data sources: Census 2011 (StatsSA, 2012b, 2014) and GIS shapefiles (DWA, 2012).

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