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Table 2

Sludge removal entrepreneur traits and level of success

  UnsuccessfulSome successSuccessfulp-value
Age (n = 24) 20–35 0.18 
36–45 
46–65 
Education level attained (n = 24) Less than high school 0.64 
High school 
Tertiary education 
Holding a ‘side job’ (n = 24) Yes 0.17 
No 
Time spent on sludge removal enterprise each day (n = 23) 0–7 hours 0.88 
8–14 hours 
Over 14 hours 
Holding previous work experience (n = 24) Yes 0.02* 
No 
Length of previous work experience (n = 14) 0–5 years 0.61 
6–10 years 
Over 10 years 
Propensity to take risk (n = 24) Yes 10 1.0 
No 
Innovativeness (n = 24) Yes 0.56 
No 
Need for achievement (n = 24) Yes 0.53 
No 
Need for independence (n = 24) Yes 0.07 
No 
Proactiveness (n = 24) Yes 0.84 
No 
  UnsuccessfulSome successSuccessfulp-value
Age (n = 24) 20–35 0.18 
36–45 
46–65 
Education level attained (n = 24) Less than high school 0.64 
High school 
Tertiary education 
Holding a ‘side job’ (n = 24) Yes 0.17 
No 
Time spent on sludge removal enterprise each day (n = 23) 0–7 hours 0.88 
8–14 hours 
Over 14 hours 
Holding previous work experience (n = 24) Yes 0.02* 
No 
Length of previous work experience (n = 14) 0–5 years 0.61 
6–10 years 
Over 10 years 
Propensity to take risk (n = 24) Yes 10 1.0 
No 
Innovativeness (n = 24) Yes 0.56 
No 
Need for achievement (n = 24) Yes 0.53 
No 
Need for independence (n = 24) Yes 0.07 
No 
Proactiveness (n = 24) Yes 0.84 
No 

*Indicates p < 0.05.

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