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Table 3

Sludge removal enterprise characteristics and level of success

  UnsuccessfulSome successSuccessfulp-value
Years of operation (n = 24) 0–10 years 0.13 
11–20 years 
Over 20 years 
Setting of operations (n = 24) Rural 0.5 
Suburban 
Urban 
Number of present full-time employees (n = 24) 0.11 
1–2 
More than 2 
Number of present part-time employees (n = 24) 0.1 
1–2 
More than 2 
Enterprise engaged in new product or service development (n = 24) Yes 0.55 
No 
Initial investment at start-up of enterprise (n = 23) 0–50,000,000 IDR (0–3,825 USD) 0.02* 
50,000,001–100,000,000 IDR (3,825–7,650 USD) 
More than 100,000,000 IDR (7,650 USD) 
Enterprise has association membership (n = 24) Yes 0.2 
No 
Family involved in management of enterprise (n = 24) Yes 0.03* 
No 
  UnsuccessfulSome successSuccessfulp-value
Years of operation (n = 24) 0–10 years 0.13 
11–20 years 
Over 20 years 
Setting of operations (n = 24) Rural 0.5 
Suburban 
Urban 
Number of present full-time employees (n = 24) 0.11 
1–2 
More than 2 
Number of present part-time employees (n = 24) 0.1 
1–2 
More than 2 
Enterprise engaged in new product or service development (n = 24) Yes 0.55 
No 
Initial investment at start-up of enterprise (n = 23) 0–50,000,000 IDR (0–3,825 USD) 0.02* 
50,000,001–100,000,000 IDR (3,825–7,650 USD) 
More than 100,000,000 IDR (7,650 USD) 
Enterprise has association membership (n = 24) Yes 0.2 
No 
Family involved in management of enterprise (n = 24) Yes 0.03* 
No 

*Indicates p < 0.05.

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