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Table 1

Sanitation zones (Alibag)

Zone no.ZoneSocio-economic characteristicsGray water managementSanitation practicesIntervention needed
 Lower income residents. Predominantly Koli fishermen and hutments Poor management Open defecation very prevalent Construction of public toilets 
 Mix of apartments and bungalows. Middle and high income families Gutters are stagnant Open defecation only in the eastern and northern boundaries of the zone Needs better drainage by giving slopes to gutters 
 Very sparsely distributed houses No usage of gutters with open discharge of gray water Soak pits or open discharge of black water Needs construction of septic tanks 
 Spaced-out settlements with middle/high income groups Use of septic tank or soak pit for gray water management. Gutters are completely dry in these areas Adequately made septic tanks No immediate priorities 
 Government buildings and very sparsely populated Complete soak pit or open discharge or direct into sea Very sparse use of toilets since mostly public buildings  
 Police quarters and middle to low income residents Complete soak pit or open discharge. Manholes constructed as part of the plan of construction centralized sewage treatment plan Use of soak pits and septic tanks Soak pits to be converted to septic tanks 
 Apartment-dominated area with middle and upper income households. Also commercial establishments All the gutters are narrow, shallow, closed Complete and adequate septic tank usage for black water  
Zone no.ZoneSocio-economic characteristicsGray water managementSanitation practicesIntervention needed
 Lower income residents. Predominantly Koli fishermen and hutments Poor management Open defecation very prevalent Construction of public toilets 
 Mix of apartments and bungalows. Middle and high income families Gutters are stagnant Open defecation only in the eastern and northern boundaries of the zone Needs better drainage by giving slopes to gutters 
 Very sparsely distributed houses No usage of gutters with open discharge of gray water Soak pits or open discharge of black water Needs construction of septic tanks 
 Spaced-out settlements with middle/high income groups Use of septic tank or soak pit for gray water management. Gutters are completely dry in these areas Adequately made septic tanks No immediate priorities 
 Government buildings and very sparsely populated Complete soak pit or open discharge or direct into sea Very sparse use of toilets since mostly public buildings  
 Police quarters and middle to low income residents Complete soak pit or open discharge. Manholes constructed as part of the plan of construction centralized sewage treatment plan Use of soak pits and septic tanks Soak pits to be converted to septic tanks 
 Apartment-dominated area with middle and upper income households. Also commercial establishments All the gutters are narrow, shallow, closed Complete and adequate septic tank usage for black water  
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