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Table 4

Mean level values of the measured physicochemical parameters in the outlet waters of decentralized municipal desalination plants, removal percent (%) and daily intake (mg/day)

StationCa2+ (mg/L)
Mg2+ (mg/L)
SO42− (mg/L)
OutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeaOutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeOutletRemoval (%)Daily intake
29.28 ± 2.86 80.30 58.56 3.89 ± 1.19 77.45 7.78 122.83 ± 23.23 82.10 245.66 
48.16 ± 4.53 68.08 96.32 5.18 ± 1.67 65.14 10.36 144.99 ± 45.99 77.89 289.98 
36.64 ± 3.36 75.56 73.28 5.08 ± 1.29 69.12 10.16 136.48 ± 29.93 79.21 272.96 
20.32 ± 2.86 86.19 40.64 4.68 ± 1.85 72.06 9.36 88.58 ± 6.91 86.02 177.16 
35.36 ± 2.61 77.33 70.72 6.38 ± 0.73 60.03 12.76 131.82 ± 24.95 80.63 263.64 
35.2 ± 1.6 78.49 70.4 6.58 ± 6.1 62.29 13.16 92.02 ± 7.3 89.76 184.04 
12.16 ± 2.96 92.39 24.32 2.99 ± 3.66 84.94 5.98 44.54 ± 51.97 94.58 89.08 
28.32 ± 1.55 82.66 56.65 3.89 ± 2.06 77.45 7.78 111.28 ± 17.79 86.22 222.56 
31.36 ± 1.53 80.32 62.72 5.28 ± 5.17 75.02 10.56 124.68 ± 20.20 84.56 249.36 
10 18.4 ± 3.62 88.78 36.8 3.29 ± 1.56 80.59 6.58 74.5 ± 17.9 88.28 149 
Mean ± SD 29.52 ±10.43 81.01 59.04 4.72 ±1.22 72.86 9.45 107.17 ±31.68 85.29 214.34 
StationF (mg/L)
Fe (mg/L)
Cl (mg/L)
OutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeOutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeOutletRemoval (%)Daily intake
0.18 ± 0.06 58.14 0.36 0.04 ± 0.004 66.67 0.08 24.79 ± 3.05 69.23 49.58 
0.26 ± 0.06 40.91 0.52 0.04 ± 0.008 33.33 0.08 38.58 ± 13.99 51.39 77.16 
0.21 ± 0.09 53.33 0.42 0.04 ± 0.001 63.64 0.08 26.99 ± 4.75 66.63 53.98 
0.07 ± 0.04 83.33 0.14 0.04 ± 0.038 75.00 0.08 12.69 ± 2.3 84.01 25.38 
0.13 ± 0.03 69.77 0.26 0.04 ± 0.008 88.89 0.08 26.69 ± 5.8 63.17 53.38 
0.19 ± 0.08 63.46 0.38 0.04 ± 0.004 33.33 0.08 37.08 ± 3.47 57.99 74.16 
0.1 ± 0.052 83.05 0.2 0.12 ± 0.14 50.00 0.24 12.19 ± 1.82 85.65 24.38 
0.19 ± 0.09 64.81 0.38 0.04 ± 0.005 33.33 0.08 27.69 ± 3.89 67.87 55.38 
0.19 ± 0.12 57.78 0.38 0.04 ± 0.005 0.00 0.08 22.89 ± 4.29 73.25 45.78 
10 0.15 ± 0.1 70.59 0.3 0.07 ± 0.06 53.33 0.14 26.49 ± 3.85 68.82 52.98 
Mean ± SD 0.167 ±0.05 65.21 0.334 0.054 ±0.03 63.71 0.102 25.61 ±8.58 68.87 51.22 
StationCa2+ (mg/L)
Mg2+ (mg/L)
SO42− (mg/L)
OutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeaOutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeOutletRemoval (%)Daily intake
29.28 ± 2.86 80.30 58.56 3.89 ± 1.19 77.45 7.78 122.83 ± 23.23 82.10 245.66 
48.16 ± 4.53 68.08 96.32 5.18 ± 1.67 65.14 10.36 144.99 ± 45.99 77.89 289.98 
36.64 ± 3.36 75.56 73.28 5.08 ± 1.29 69.12 10.16 136.48 ± 29.93 79.21 272.96 
20.32 ± 2.86 86.19 40.64 4.68 ± 1.85 72.06 9.36 88.58 ± 6.91 86.02 177.16 
35.36 ± 2.61 77.33 70.72 6.38 ± 0.73 60.03 12.76 131.82 ± 24.95 80.63 263.64 
35.2 ± 1.6 78.49 70.4 6.58 ± 6.1 62.29 13.16 92.02 ± 7.3 89.76 184.04 
12.16 ± 2.96 92.39 24.32 2.99 ± 3.66 84.94 5.98 44.54 ± 51.97 94.58 89.08 
28.32 ± 1.55 82.66 56.65 3.89 ± 2.06 77.45 7.78 111.28 ± 17.79 86.22 222.56 
31.36 ± 1.53 80.32 62.72 5.28 ± 5.17 75.02 10.56 124.68 ± 20.20 84.56 249.36 
10 18.4 ± 3.62 88.78 36.8 3.29 ± 1.56 80.59 6.58 74.5 ± 17.9 88.28 149 
Mean ± SD 29.52 ±10.43 81.01 59.04 4.72 ±1.22 72.86 9.45 107.17 ±31.68 85.29 214.34 
StationF (mg/L)
Fe (mg/L)
Cl (mg/L)
OutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeOutletRemoval (%)Daily intakeOutletRemoval (%)Daily intake
0.18 ± 0.06 58.14 0.36 0.04 ± 0.004 66.67 0.08 24.79 ± 3.05 69.23 49.58 
0.26 ± 0.06 40.91 0.52 0.04 ± 0.008 33.33 0.08 38.58 ± 13.99 51.39 77.16 
0.21 ± 0.09 53.33 0.42 0.04 ± 0.001 63.64 0.08 26.99 ± 4.75 66.63 53.98 
0.07 ± 0.04 83.33 0.14 0.04 ± 0.038 75.00 0.08 12.69 ± 2.3 84.01 25.38 
0.13 ± 0.03 69.77 0.26 0.04 ± 0.008 88.89 0.08 26.69 ± 5.8 63.17 53.38 
0.19 ± 0.08 63.46 0.38 0.04 ± 0.004 33.33 0.08 37.08 ± 3.47 57.99 74.16 
0.1 ± 0.052 83.05 0.2 0.12 ± 0.14 50.00 0.24 12.19 ± 1.82 85.65 24.38 
0.19 ± 0.09 64.81 0.38 0.04 ± 0.005 33.33 0.08 27.69 ± 3.89 67.87 55.38 
0.19 ± 0.12 57.78 0.38 0.04 ± 0.005 0.00 0.08 22.89 ± 4.29 73.25 45.78 
10 0.15 ± 0.1 70.59 0.3 0.07 ± 0.06 53.33 0.14 26.49 ± 3.85 68.82 52.98 
Mean ± SD 0.167 ±0.05 65.21 0.334 0.054 ±0.03 63.71 0.102 25.61 ±8.58 68.87 51.22 

aBased on 2 liters daily drinking water consumption and concentration levels of physicochemical parameters in the outlet waters.

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