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Table 4

Average characteristics of waters produced (filtrate or permeate) by each process

 Monolayer filterMonolayer filter + UFBilayer filterBilayer filter + UFUF without GF
Turbidity (NTU) 4.09 ± 0.1 0.27 ± 0.10 2.02 ± 0.43 0.77 ± 0.30 0.12 ± 0.03 
SDI15 (% min−1>6.6 4.8 ± 0.5 >6.6 3.2 ± 0.3 3.5 ± 0.3 
UV254nm 0.10 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 
TOC (mgC L−17.74 ± 0.50 3.38 ± 0.12 3.06 ± 0.09 3.91 ± 1.43 3.10 ± 0.5 
DOC (mgC L−12.18 ± 0.02 – 2.84 ± 0.57 –  
H. triquetra (cells mL−18,430 ± 17 7,351 ± 49 
 Monolayer filterMonolayer filter + UFBilayer filterBilayer filter + UFUF without GF
Turbidity (NTU) 4.09 ± 0.1 0.27 ± 0.10 2.02 ± 0.43 0.77 ± 0.30 0.12 ± 0.03 
SDI15 (% min−1>6.6 4.8 ± 0.5 >6.6 3.2 ± 0.3 3.5 ± 0.3 
UV254nm 0.10 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 
TOC (mgC L−17.74 ± 0.50 3.38 ± 0.12 3.06 ± 0.09 3.91 ± 1.43 3.10 ± 0.5 
DOC (mgC L−12.18 ± 0.02 – 2.84 ± 0.57 –  
H. triquetra (cells mL−18,430 ± 17 7,351 ± 49 
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