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Table 1

Results from the evaluation survey of the two WaSH education programs (with and without H2S tests)

 WaSH education (+H2S test)
WaSH education (standard)
χ2 testb
Pre
Post
Δa Y/N
Pre
Post
Δa Y/N
QuestionsAn = 175%n = 164%%n = 119%n = 88%%(p)c
Q1. Hand washing after toilet use? 166 95 164 100  103 87 87 99  1.0 
 16 13  (0.31) 
Q2. Hand washing before cooking? 159 90 162 98 1.2 95 80 86 98  0.0 
17 10  24 20  (1.0) 
Q3. Hand washing with soap? 158 90 164 99 3.6 96 82 85 98  0.34 
18 10  21 18  (0.56) 
Q4. Water safe to drink? 87 49 42 26  65 55 23 25  0.03 
89 51 122 74 20.1 54 45 68 75 15.4 (0.87) 
Q5. Drinking water treatment? 39 22 79 48 24.4 24 20 47 50 24.5 0.02 
137 78 85 52  94 80 47 50  (0.89) 
Q6. Improved drinking water source?   19 12     0.5 
  144 88    82 92  (0.47) 
Q7. Improved latrine?   48 29    41 43  3.66 
  117 71    55 57  (0.06) 
 WaSH education (+H2S test)
WaSH education (standard)
χ2 testb
Pre
Post
Δa Y/N
Pre
Post
Δa Y/N
QuestionsAn = 175%n = 164%%n = 119%n = 88%%(p)c
Q1. Hand washing after toilet use? 166 95 164 100  103 87 87 99  1.0 
 16 13  (0.31) 
Q2. Hand washing before cooking? 159 90 162 98 1.2 95 80 86 98  0.0 
17 10  24 20  (1.0) 
Q3. Hand washing with soap? 158 90 164 99 3.6 96 82 85 98  0.34 
18 10  21 18  (0.56) 
Q4. Water safe to drink? 87 49 42 26  65 55 23 25  0.03 
89 51 122 74 20.1 54 45 68 75 15.4 (0.87) 
Q5. Drinking water treatment? 39 22 79 48 24.4 24 20 47 50 24.5 0.02 
137 78 85 52  94 80 47 50  (0.89) 
Q6. Improved drinking water source?   19 12     0.5 
  144 88    82 92  (0.47) 
Q7. Improved latrine?   48 29    41 43  3.66 
  117 71    55 57  (0.06) 

The pre-survey was conducted before WaSH education and post-survey was conducted after the WaSH education.

aThe change between pre- and post-responses, recorded as a percentage increase in Yes or No. If there was no recorded increase in either then no value was entered.

bThe Chi-squared (χ2) test (with 1 degree of freedom) compares the post-survey response percentages between both WaSH education groups.

cThe probability (p) is recorded with significance set at p ≤ 0.05.

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