Community participation is a precondition of integrated watershed management. However, during the implementation phases, some people may not participate in or share the benefits of watershed management. There are several reasons for this and the following paper seeks to show the response by fish farmers from Saguling Reservoir, West Java, Indonesia, to environmental problems and the concept of integrated watershed management. The study indicates that while farmers have a moderate understanding of interrelated environmental problems, there is little willingness to share the benefits of investment in watershed management. Nevertheless participation in solving local environmental problems can be developed and incorporated in watershed management plans.

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