The Palestinian water sector organizations operate under severe constraints: poor capacities, high political instability and uncertainty, and inadequate funds and sources of funding. A new centralized water systems management option is proposed, which can lead to optimized water resource development and a more reliable, safer and cost effective water supply and sanitation services and systems within a clear legal framework. The proposed approach provides four units of management, resources, administration and water supply and sanitation, which would be in charge of strategic and everyday decision making and integration of water sector management in Palestine. The proposed future institutional reforms are conditional on several legal-administrative, technical and financial considerations within the Palestinian National Authority but more importantly on the continuation of the Israeli military occupation of the Palestinian land and natural resources.

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