China is a country frequently hit by floods and droughts. Managing water resources and minimizing the losses caused by water disasters has always been among the most important issues faced by the Chinese government in governing the state. In recent years, to tackle the water problems in China and to meet the requirement of sustainable economic and social development, we have actively pursued sustainable water development. Thinking about water management has thus been greatly modified and remarkable achievements have been made accordingly.

The Yellow River, known as the Mother River of China, is the cradle of Chinese civilization, whose problems can represent that of most Chinese rivers. Citing the Yellow River management in recent years as an example, this paper elaborates the strategy of sustainable water development in China.