Flooding is the most common natural hazard in Europe. Cities cannot rely only on underground solutions which are expensive and inflexible. In order to reduce the negative impacts of flood, open and surface solutions play a key role in the efficiency of urban drainage systems. Utilizing the earth's surface as part of sustainable water infrastructure, also as powerful element for creating the space, adds multiple values to our urban environments. This article suggests a framework to increase the likelihood of turning the idea of flood resilient city to a best practice. The paper is clarifying the design principles. The target is turning a space to a functional place by applying drainage techniques in urban design, which requires robust local integration between the urban space and technical solutions. The study of storm water management in the Swedish and Dutch contexts was an important base for this formulation. Considering the important share of urban design in urban transition success, the paper is focusing on categorizing the required steps of flood resilient urban design.
Integrated urban design and open storm drainage in our urban environments: merging drainage techniques into our city's urban spaces
Misagh Mottaghi, Henrik Aspegren, Karin Jönsson; Integrated urban design and open storm drainage in our urban environments: merging drainage techniques into our city's urban spaces. Water Practice and Technology 1 March 2016; 11 (1): 118–126. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2016.016
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