Eighteen river- and two ground- water samples were collected on Huaibei plain. The major ions, and hydrogen and oxygen isotope concentrations were determined, and statistical and other analyses carried out. The results showed that all of the waters are alkaline, with high Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) concentrations. Na+ + K+, and SO42− + HCO3 are the dominant anionic and cationic species, respectively, and the waters are mainly Na·K-SO4 and Na·K-HCO3 types. The δD and δ18O in river waters ranged from −53.07‰ to −22.07‰ and −6.97‰ to −1.23‰, with average values of −38.30‰ and −4.09‰, respectively. The δD and δ18O concentrations in groundwater were lower than in the river water samples. The correlation between δD and δ18O concentrations in the river water can be described by the formula δD = 5.32*δ18O − 16.54, which can also be considered the local evaporation line. The ionic content and character of the river water is mainly controlled by precipitation, evaporation and carbonate weathering, as deduced from the Gibbs diagram and principal component analyses.

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