The SHAFDAN is the largest wastewater treatment plant in Israel and currently treats 360,000 m3/day of municipal wastewater, about 92% of its treatment capacity. Waste sludge from the plant is discharged to the Mediterranean Sea through a marine outfall. The SHAFDAN is committed to ending the disposal of its sludge to the sea by the end of 2016 by providing a land-based biosolids management program that produces a Class A biosolids for agricultural use. In order to implement this strategy, a number of large-scale construction projects were undertaken. These projects include a new sludge thickening and dewatering facility, updated headworks, a new primary treatment facility, and a new 3-stage thermophilic anaerobic digestion facility. The total capital cost of these projects is estimated to be US $300 million. This paper describes the principal components of these projects and their design parameters.
Research Article|June 01 2016
SHAFDAN (Greater Tel Aviv Wastewater Treatment Plant): recent upgrade and expansion
Water Practice and Technology (2016) 11 (2): 288-297.
Arie Messing, Yuval Sela; SHAFDAN (Greater Tel Aviv Wastewater Treatment Plant): recent upgrade and expansion. Water Practice and Technology 1 June 2016; 11 (2): 288–297. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2016.032
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