Like many other large cities, Stockholm is facing increased urbanization with densification of infrastructure as a result. At the same time, implementation of the Baltic Sea Action Plan and the EU Water Framework Directive is expected to result in more stringent effluent quality demands. The current situation gives rise to new challenges for the municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This paper describes how two of Sweden's largest municipal water organizations; Stockholm Vatten and Syvab, will face these challenges using ultrafiltration (UF) membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. The effluent requirements for the rehabilitated plants are expected to be tightened to 6 mg/l and 0.2 mg/l for total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP), respectively.
Extension of two large wastewater treatment plants in Stockholm using membrane technology
S. Andersson, P. Ek, M. Berg, J. Grundestam, E. Lindblom; Extension of two large wastewater treatment plants in Stockholm using membrane technology. Water Practice and Technology 1 December 2016; 11 (4): 744–753. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2016.034
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