In order to understand the isotopic characteristics of coal mine water in diverse aquifers, ten groundwater samples were collected from three aquifers – Quaternary (QA), Coal-bearing (CA), and Limestone (LA) – in Xutuan coal mine, Anhui Province, China. The geochemical characteristics of major ions and isotopes were determined, and the results showed that all of the groundwater samples are HCO3-Na·K or Cl-Na·K types. The concentrations of Na+ + K+ decreased in the order CA > QA > LA, whereas the content of Ca2+ and Mg2+ increased from CA to LA. Groundwater in LA is meteoric in origin, while that in QA is clearly influenced by surface water. The δ13Cdic and δ18Odic in groundwater samples from LA, QA and CA are influenced by the surrounding strata, CO2 and microorganism activity, respectively. The strontium concentration decreases in the sequence LA > CA > QA, but water samples from CA give the highest value of 87Sr/86Sr. Strontium is released by dissolution from the surrounding rock, and the 87Sr/86Sr ratio could be used to identify the groundwater source.

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