Wastewater management in Greece is being regulated by the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (UWWTD) and as a result many wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have been constructed during the last 30 years and are in operation. The present work aims to outline the progress regarding the implementation of the specific environmental policy, present deficiencies and future challenges, while an evaluation of the performance is conducted for small-medium and large WWTPs focusing on the influent and effluent quality characteristics. In Greece the existing level of treatment provided is related to secondary treatment for the removal of organic load, which in most cases is supplemented by nitrogen removal (for more than 85% of the WWTPs) and phosphorus removal. With respect to the characteristics of the raw municipal wastewater these correspond to typical low to medium strength sewage. Compliance to the UWWTD effluent standards for BOD5, COD and SS is achieved in more than 90% of the WWTPs, while in terms of nutrients, 80% of the WWTPs efficiently remove nitrogen and approximately 45% of the WWTPs remove phosphorus.

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