Fats, Oils, and Grease (FOG) wastes and high-strength wastes (HSW) are frequently received at municipal water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) as trucked-in wastes. These wastes offer significant benefits in terms of revenue from tipping fees and feedstock for co-digestion in anaerobic digesters that produce biogas, which can be beneficially used as fuel. The number of treatment plants receiving and beneficially using trucked-in wastes currently in operation or under investigation is increasing rapidly across the North America as utilities strive to remove this material from normal wastewater to avoid sewer system clogging, maintenance and backups, avoid the oxygen demand of these wastes in secondary treatment systems, and to capture and beneficially reuse the energy that is contained within the material.
Historically, trucked-in wastes have been discharged to the head end of treatment plants or to an upstream manhole in the incoming interceptor sewer to enable the material to be mixed with raw wastewater prior to treatment through the liquid stream of the WRRF. However, this approach results in loss of material and degradation of the energy value of the FOG wastes and HSW and also creates collection and maintenance issues in the preliminary and primary treatment systems. To prevent degradation of the material and retain maximum energy for the CHP system, receiving stations are being constructed for direct off-loading of the wastes to processing and storage facilities prior to their transfer to anaerobic digesters at a relatively uniform rate to minimize the potential for digester upsets while at the same time to increase biogas production. This paper presents the key components and considerations in the design and operation of modern FOG waste receiving and processing facilities.