Traditional, mandatory water efficiency requirements such as maximum allowable flow rates for taps and showers, as well as water efficiency labelling for water fittings and appliances (taps, mixers, dual flush low capacity water closets (LCWCs), urinals and urinal flush valves, and washing machines) have helped achieve remarkable reductions in per capita household consumption over the years. To further boost domestic sector water conservation efforts in line with the vision for a Smart Nation where people are empowered by technology to improve living, PUB will seek to gain a deeper understanding of household water use patterns and habits, as well as what motivates water-saving behaviours. This will enable programmes to be designed and implemented in a more targeted manner. This paper shares the key findings and experiences from two projects – the Smart Shower Programme and the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) WaterGoWhere Project – whereby smart devices provide the technological means of modifying user attention to achieve greater water conservation.

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