The simulation of combined sewer overflow volumes and loads is important for the assessment of the overflow and overflow load to the receiving water to predict the hydraulic or the pollution impact. Hydrodynamic models are very data-intensive and time-consuming for long-term quality modelling. Hence, for long-term modelling, hydrological models are used to predict the storm flow in a fast way. However, in most cases, a constant rain intensity is used as load for the simulation, but in practice even for small catchments rain occurs in rain cells, which are not constant over the whole catchment area. This paper presents the results of quality modelling considering moving storms depending on the rain cell velocity and its moving direction. Additionally, tipping bucket gauge failures and different corrections are also taken into account. The results evidence the importance of these considerations for precipitation due the effects on overflow load and show the difference up to 28% of corrected and uncorrected data and of moving rain cells instead of constant raining intensities.
CSO Modelling Considering Moving Storms and Tipping Bucket Gauge Failures
M. Hochedlinger, W. Sprung, H. Kainz, K. König; CSO Modelling Considering Moving Storms and Tipping Bucket Gauge Failures. Water Practice and Technology 1 March 2007; 2 (1): wpt2007024. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2007.024
Download citation file: