Household-centered technologies such as urine source separation (NoMix technology) could induce a paradigm change in urban wastewater management, hereby improving water pollution control and resource management. Technological innovations need real-world application for further development. The Swiss research project Novaquatis accompanied five pilot projects from 1997 on. We give a systematic overview of our experience, summarizing various important aspects, a fundamental one being a clearly defined goal. Early stakeholder involvement is crucial, because the still imperfect NoMix technology depends on people's goodwill. We reference data sheets, legal documents, etc. and make suggestions for installation, maintenance, and technology improvement. We identify areas for future research necessitating pilot projects and discuss their requirements to optimize the cost-benefit factor. This paper is intended as support to wastewater professionals to avoid the most serious pitfalls when conducting NoMix pilot projects. It contributes to increased interaction between research and real-world application of urban European household innovations.
Research Article|September 01 2007
PILOT PROJECTS IN BATHROOMS: A NEW CHALLENGE FOR WASTEWATER PROFESSIONALS
1Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Dept. Urban Water Management, Ueberlandstrasse 133, P.O. Box 611, CH-8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland
Corresponding author: Judit Lienert, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +41 44 823 55 74, Fax: +41 44 823 53 89
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Water Practice and Technology (2007) 2 (3): wpt2007057.
J. Lienert, T. A. Larsen; PILOT PROJECTS IN BATHROOMS: A NEW CHALLENGE FOR WASTEWATER PROFESSIONALS. Water Practice and Technology 1 September 2007; 2 (3): wpt2007057. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2007.057
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