This study presents the development of an Early Warning System (EWS) called EPIGONE focusing on the detection of dry weather overflows in the vicinity of throttle structures in sewer systems. Throttle structures are considered as vital parts of a sewer system as they are control sections limiting flow rates to a designed operational value. Because these structures are by definition prone to potential clogging or blockages, a close follow-up of the daily operation by an EWS facilitates increased vigilance or even alarm. Primary goal of EPIGONE is to alert operators and thus allow fast intervention in case of suspected failures of these structures within a settled timeframe. EPIGONE combines overflow water level measurements with rainfall radar information to determine Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) activity during dry weather as this dual condition will indicate malfunctioning. This combination of measurements was found to be the most cost effective set-up to deploy on a large scale. Water level data are recorded and logged on-site and sent to a central controller via GSM/GPRS, where an algorithm determines dry weather overflow conditions. Rainfall radar data are used as criterion to decide on dry weather conditions. From there on alarms are sent out to multiple recipients via e-mail and/or text messages (SMS). Next to this, it is obvious that this system can also be used for ‘regular’ wet weather CSO monitoring.

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