Identification of groundwater mixing and calculation of the mixing ratios between aquifers are important work for hydrological studies and safety of coal mining. In this study, multivariate statistical methods including factor and cluster analysis have been presented for identification of groundwater mixing status in the Renlou coal mine, northern Anhui Province, China. The methods include three steps: identification of hydraulic connection between aquifers by using factor score plots in combination with Q-mode cluster analysis, selection of end members and mass balance calculation for revealing mixing ratios. The hydraulic connection between loose layer and limestone aquifers have been identified in the Renlou coal mine, and three representative end member water samples, as well as mixed samples have been identified. Moreover, the mixing ratios for mixed samples are also calculated. The results indicate that the methods can be used for identification of mixing and quantification of mixing ratios in groundwater systems.
Research Article|September 01 2013
Hydrochemical variation during groundwater mixing: a case study with multivariate statistical approach
Water Practice and Technology (2013) 8 (3-4): 399-408.
Linhua Sun; Hydrochemical variation during groundwater mixing: a case study with multivariate statistical approach. Water Practice and Technology 1 September 2013; 8 (3-4): 399–408. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2013.040
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