Laboratory data for local scour depth regarding the size of wide piers are presented. Clear water scour tests were performed for various pier widths (0.06, 0.076, 0.102, 0.14 and 0.165 m), two types of pier shapes (circular and rectangular) and two types of uniform cohesionless bed sediment (d50 = 0.23 and d50 = 0.80 mm). New data are presented and used to demonstrate the effects of pier width, pier shape and sediment size on scour depth. The influence of equilibrium time (te) on scouring processes is also discussed. Equilibrium scour depths were found to decrease with increasing values of b/d50. The temporal development of equilibrium local scour depth with new laboratory data is demonstrated for flow intensity V/Vc = 0.95. On the other hand, the results of scour mechanism have shown a significant relationship between normalized volume of scoured and deposited with pier width, b. The experimental data obtained in this study and data available from the literature for wide piers are used to evaluate predictions of existing methods.
Research Article|September 01 2014
Clear-water local scour at wide piers in shallow-water flow
F. H. Ali
Water Practice and Technology (2014) 9 (3): 331-343.
N. Ahmad, T. Mohamed, F. H. Ali, B. Yusuf; Clear-water local scour at wide piers in shallow-water flow. Water Practice and Technology 1 September 2014; 9 (3): 331–343. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wpt.2014.035
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