Abstract

Green remediation is a known technology that uses different types of plants to extract contaminants from the environment. This study aims to remove heavy metals from treated wastewater by using natural growing plants on River Nile banks in Egypt. Secondary treated effluent was collected from West Gerga wastewater treatment plant, located in Sohag city, Egypt. Experiments using two types of aquatic plants were carried out. They were planted individually and in combination with different densities on the secondary treated wastewater surface for 10 days' retention time to remove cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni) and lead (Pb). It was concluded that both plants have high capabilities to remove heavy metals directly from treated wastewater. The removal efficiency of Cd and Pb was higher when they were planted together than when individually planted. A positive relationship was observed between detention time and heavy metals removal. The removal efficiency of heavy metals increased with the increase of plant density for both plant types. Also, the availability of aquatic plants and their free cost makes their use an economically attractive alternative. In addition, the removal of these plants from River Nile improves the performance of water distribution networks in Egypt.

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