Abstract

This work presents a design in the field of Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy (HRE), its high profile for off grid power generation for remote riverine regions in developing nations, uniqueness of this techniques for power generation using the in-current energy of streams and other marine currents to generate electric energy is detailed. The problem of the impact of gaseous techniques on the environment, rapid increase in human population, industries, modernization and our lifestyle put immense pressure on most power generation plants and infrastructures. Thus, global warming and carbon footprints of the fueled sources of energy heightened the clamor for energy generation from renewable source that are abundant across the globe .The Upper River Benue and Lower River Niger coastal basins with the River Niger Basin on the Lower Niger sub-basin area of southeastern region in Nigeria was selected as a case study for the design of the Hydrokinetic power profile. The result shows that for the Hydrokinetic Turbine the level of power output is directly proportional to the flow velocity. Therefore the cost of its installation is reduced drastically from about $7,900 per installed kW to, about $2,500 per kW, easy assessable, less technical and familiar motor technology to most of these communities. It's predictable form of energy in comparison to other emerging RE field like wind, solar and wave. Also this form of RE is less harmful to the environmental impacts, less noise emission and produces no greenhouse gases or any solid waste. The evenly distribution of viable waterway hydrokinetic will bring energy security that is essential for the riverine dweller and curb rural urban migration and improves the rural communities' standard of living and enhance their productivity.

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