Adsorption of phosphate onto construction solid waste (CSW) was investigated in a batch system. CSW as an inescapable by-product of the construction and demolition process, was used as a composite adsorbent for the removal of phosphate in this study. The adsorption kinetics was investigated under various parameters such as contact time, pH, CSW dosage, initial phosphate concentration and particle size. Greater percentage of phosphate was removed with decrease in the initial concentration and increase in the amount of CSW used. Adsorption of phosphate was pH dependent, and maximum phosphate immobilisation capacity was obtained in alkaline condition. Lagergren first-order, second-order, intra-particle diffusion and external diffusion model were used to test the experimental data. Kinetic analysis showed that the adsorption was best fitted with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Adsorption mechanism studies revealed that both external mass transfer and intra-particle diffusion had rate limiting effects on the removal process. These results demonstrated that the CSW could be used as a low-cost adsorbent media for phosphate removal, and the data were relevant for optimal design of wastewater treatment plants.

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