Stormwater treatment by lamellar and conventional clarification, with and without flocculant addition, was investigated in Toronto, Ontario, using a pilot-scale rectangular clarifier vessel with removable lamellar plates. During the 2001 to 2003 field seasons, 76 stormwater runoff events were characterized with respect to flow and quality, and further investigated for stormwater treatment. Most stormwater constituent concentrations at this site exceeded those for the U.S. NURP median urban site. A cationic polymeric flocculant dosed at 4 mg/L, with lamellar clarification, provided the best results with a total suspended solids (TSS) removal of 83% at total vessel surface loads up to 36 m/h. The clarification processes produced a concentrated sludge, which was strongly polluted by heavy metals and would require special disposal procedures.

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