This paper describes the design of conventional Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) systems, and the novel Counter Current Dissolved Air Flotation Filtration (COCODAFF®) process. The operation and performance of these plants on a variety of water types in the United Kingdom and South Africa is also described. The advantages of flotation processes for the treatment of impounded waters either high in colour, or with a high concentration of algae, is discussed. Other topics covered in this paper are hydraulic flocculation, and the application of Finite Element Analysis (FEA), to the design of flotation plants. It is concluded that the COCODAFF® process offers a number of advantages over conventional DAF systems.

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