The efficiency of arsenic removal from drinking water in adsorption processes using natural oxides may be influenced by the presence of other adsorbable anions. The present paper focuses on the study of arsenate adsorption by a natural manganese oxide. The objective is to determine which of the anions usually present in drinking water may be adsorbed: hydrogen carbonate, sulfate, chloride, nitrate, phosphate and arsenate. A kinetic batch experiment was conducted with a natural drinking water, leading to a first qualitative selection: nitrate and chloride have little interaction with the adsorbent, sulfate and hydrogen carbonate are adsorbed while phosphate and arsenate are strongly adsorbed. Then column experiments were run with aqueous solutions containing either chloride, sulfate, etc. The previous trends were confirmed and the equilibrium isotherms of the adsorbable anions were built by integration of the breakthrough curves. The isotherms fitted with a Langmuir model showed that the capacitieswere low (a few μmol.g-1). The affinity order was determined from the isotherm initial slopes: arsenate ≫ phosphate > hydrogen carbonate ≌ sulfate. Given the strong affinity of the adsorbent for arsenate and the low arsenate concentration in drinking water, the process selectivity for As traces from drinking water is ensured.
Removal of arsenate from drinking water with a natural manganese oxide in the presence of competing anions
S. Ouvrard, M.-O. Simonnot, M. Sardin; Removal of arsenate from drinking water with a natural manganese oxide in the presence of competing anions. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 March 2001; 1 (2): 167–173. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2001.0034
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