The vacuum membrane stripping process (VMS) for removing a VOC (trichloroethylene) from water was studied in a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane module containing 187 fibers with a length of 0.59 m. The porous PVDF asymmetric hollow fiber used was prepared by the wet phase inversion technique. The feed solution containing trichloroethylene (TCE) was passed through the lumen of the PVDF hollow fiber. Vapors of TCE and water were transported through the pores of the membrane into the shell side maintained at a sub-atmospheric pressure, and condensed in cold traps. The effects of down-stream pressure, solution temperature, feed concentration, and feed flow rate on TCE removal, TCE permeation flux, water permeation flux and TCE concentration of the permeated solution, as well as the mass transfer coefficient were investigated. The down stream pressure and solution temperature were identified as the major factors to control VOC removal and TCE concentration in the permeate stream. A small amount of the permeated solution with higher TCE concentration was obtained at the temperature of 50°C and pressure of 80 mmHg when about 90% TCE was removed from the water.
Membrane vacuum stripping process for volatile organics removal from water using an asymmetric PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) hollow fiber membrane module
D. Wang, K. Li, W.K. Teo; Membrane vacuum stripping process for volatile organics removal from water using an asymmetric PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) hollow fiber membrane module. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 June 2001; 1 (5-6): 65–75. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2001.0101
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