A study was conducted to evaluate the hydrochemical processes controlling the water quality variations and to determine the water type of groundwater in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh, for drinking purposes. A total of 120 shallow and deep tubewell water samples were collected in pre- and post-monsoon seasons during the year 2008–2009 and analyzed for various physico-chemical parameters. The results of the analyses show that water samples were slightly alkaline to neutral pH. The average concentrations of Pb in all samples for the post-monsoon season were above the WHO's guideline for drinking water. For both seasons, arsenic levels exceeded the drinking water standard in 25% of groundwater samples and lead (Pb) levels exceeded in about 60% samples which contained elevated levels (>0.01 mg/L). The major cationic and anionic orders of dominance were unusual, being Ca2+ > Mg2+ > Na+ > K2 > Fe3+ > Pb2+ > Zn2+ > Cu2+ > As (total) > Cd2+ and HCO3− > Cl−> SO42− > NO3−, respectively. The study reveals that the water type of the groundwater was calcium bicarbonate (Ca-HCO3). Thus overall results suggest that groundwater quality of the study area was not suitable for drinking purposes without treatment especially for Pb and As.
Evaluation of groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking purpose in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh
S. M. Helal Uddin, M. G. Mostafa, A. B. M. H. Haque; Evaluation of groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking purpose in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 December 2011; 11 (5): 545–559. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2011.079
Download citation file: